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The mammalian Golgi complex is comprised of a ribbon of stacked cisternal membranes often located in the pericentriolar region of the cell. Here, we report that during apoptosis the Golgi ribbon is fragmented into dispersed clusters of tubulo-vesicular membranes. We have found that fragmentation is caspase dependent and identified GRASP65 (Golgi reassembly(More)
Microinfusions of the endogenous opiate neurohumor, methionine enkephalin, into the nucleus accumbens initiated a reinforcing stimulus in a dose-related manner. The reinforcing nature of this intracranial self-administration was evaluated with intermittent schedules of reinforcement and a two-lever discrimination procedure. Opiate receptors are likely(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic and benzodiazepine receptor affinities and densities were evaluated in membranes from seven brain regions of rats intravenously self-administering morphine and in littermates receiving yoked-morphine or yoked vehicle infusions to identify neuronal systems potentially involved in mediating opiate reinforcement processes. Passive(More)
Progressive-ratio (PR) schedules may provide a more direct measure of drug-reinforcing efficacy than the more traditionally used fixed-ratio schedules. Under a PR schedule, an increasing number of lever presses is required for the delivery of each successive reinforcer. However, there have been few studies of fundamental parameters of cocaine(More)
Progressive mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to neuronal degeneration in age-mediated disease. An essential regulator of mitochondrial function is the deacetylase, sirtuin 3 (SIRT3). Here we investigate a role for CNS Sirt3 in mitochondrial responses to reactive oxygen species (ROS)- and Alzheimer's disease (AD)-mediated stress. Pharmacological(More)
To assess tolerance to cocaine in a self-administration paradigm, rats were trained to self-administer cocaine (0.25 mg/injection) on a fixed-ratio 2 (FR2) schedule of reinforcement. The development of tolerance was studied during chronic administration of cocaine (20 mg/kg per 8 h for 10 days), given either contingently (self-administered by the rats) or(More)
The function of dopaminergic innervations of the central medial nucleus accumbens in the processes maintaining intravenous morphine self-administration was assessed by lesioning with 6-OHDA and comparing drug intake with sham-vehicle treated littermates. Localized bilateral lesions of this structure resulted in significant increases in morphine intake(More)
The turnover rates of aspartate, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, glutamine, alanine, serine, and glycine were measured in five regions of rat cerebellum. Turnover rates of the putative neurotransmitters (aspartate, glutamate, and GABA) were 2-20-fold higher than those of alanine and serine, and generally consistent with the proposed(More)
This experiment tested the hypotheses that: (1) self-administration of cocaine would produce an increase in dopamine (DA) oxidation current in the nucleus accumbens (n. acc.); and (2) a faster rate of cocaine intake in the presence of a D1 receptor antagonist would produce a greater increase in DA levels. Rats trained to self-administer cocaine under a(More)