Jon C. Lloyd

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Introduction: Population-based health surveys seldom assess sexual orientation, which results in the absence of a reliable measure of smoking among lesbians, gays, and bisexuals (LGB), a population perceived to have higher risks of tobacco-related diseases. This is the first study to compare the cigarette smoking rate of LGB with that of heterosexual(More)
BACKGROUND An estimated 200,000 Americans suffer central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABs) each year, with 15%-20% mortality. Two intensive care units (ICUs) redefined the processes of care through system redesign to deliver reliable outcomes free of the variations that created the breeding ground for infection. METHODS The ICUs, comprising(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine attitudinal changes of bar owners and staff regarding a smoke-free bar law. DESIGN Bar owners and staff were random selected and telephone interviewed in June 1998, shortly after a smoke-free bar law was enacted, and October 2002. Similar instruments were used in both surveys to collect data on attitudes related to secondhand smoke(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined patron responses to a California smoke-free bar law. METHODS Three telephone surveys measured attitudes and behavior changes after implementation of the law. RESULTS Approval of the law rose from 59.8% to 73.2% (odds ratio [OR] = 1.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.58, 2.40). Self-reported noncompliance decreased from 24.6% to(More)
Extramammary Paget disease of the vulva was found in association with vulval adenocarcinoma in an elderly woman who also had a uterine prolapse. The characteristic histological appearances of extramammary Paget disease were masked by striking reactive changes in the squamous epithelium. Primary excision of both the intraepithelial and invasive disease(More)
To determine whether abnormalities of cell-mediated immunity are associated with chronic hepatitis B virus infection or with homosexuality, we studied 15 homo- and 11 heterosexual men with chronic hepatitis B virus infection, as well as 11 homo- and 16 heterosexual apparently healthy men. T lymphocyte subsets, natural killer activity, and suppressor cell(More)
INTRODUCTION The rate of development of liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection varies between individuals. This accounts for the variation in duration of progression to cirrhosis. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine whether fibrosis progresses linearly through the grading scales and (2) to identify factors which influence the rate of(More)
Government action and the advocacy activities that influence it are as important a concern for cancer control as they are for any other public issue. Policy advocacy strategies have proven themselves effective in cancer prevention efforts involving tobacco use and nutrition. Much of what has been learned from this experience can be applied with great effect(More)