Jon Berg-Johnsen

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Recent research communications indicate that the adult human brain contains undifferentiated, multipotent precursors or neural stem cells. It is not known, however, whether these cells can develop into fully functional neurons. We cultured cells from the adult human ventricular wall as neurospheres and passed them at the individual cell level to secondary(More)
Fluorocitrate inhibits the glial tricarboxylic acid cycle and thereby the synthesis of glutamine, which is the main precursor for transmitter glutamate. We investigated the possibility that there is a functional correlate to fluorocitrate action by recording evoked field potentials in rat hippocampal slices. The excitatory postsynaptic potential(More)
Three surgically treated cases of popliteal entrapment syndrome are reported. Two of the patients were consanguineous. This unusual syndrome is caused by an anomalous relationship between the popliteal artery and the musculature in the popliteal fossa. Arterial compression usually results in ischaemic calf pain. Popliteal entrapment syndrome seems to be(More)
OBJECTIVE It was long held as an axiom that new neurons are not produced in the adult human brain. More recent studies, however, have identified multipotent cells whose progeny express glial or neuronal markers. This discovery may lead to new therapeutic strategies against central nervous system disorders by transplanting stem cells that have been(More)
PURPOSE We report survival, prognostic factors, and treatment efficacy in low-grade glioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 379 patients with histologic intracranial low-grade glioma received post-operative radiotherapy (n = 361) and intraarterial carmustine (BCNU) chemotherapy (n = 153). Overall survival and prognostic factors were evaluated with the(More)
Renewed interest has developed in decompressive craniectomy, and improved survival is shown when this treatment is used after malignant middle cerebral artery infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and possible risk factors for developing surgical site infection (SSI) after delayed cranioplasty using autologous, cryopreserved(More)
It was long held as an axiom that new neurons are not produced in the adult human brain. More recent studies have identified multipotent cells whose progeny express glial or neuronal markers. This discovery may lead to new therapeutic strategies for CNS disorders, either by stimulating neurogenesis in vivo or by transplanting multipotent progenitor cells(More)
Stem cells have been isolated from several CNS regions, including the spinal cord. However, the terminal end of the spinal cord, filum terminale, has been referred to as a fibrovascular tag without neurogenic potential and of no clinical significance. Recently, we were fortunate to acquire some samples of this tissue. We show for the first time that(More)
During trans-sphenoidal microsurgical resection of pituitary adenomas, the extent of resection may be difficult to assess, especially when extensive suprasellar and parasellar growth has occurred. In this prospective study, we investigated whether intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) can facilitate tumour resection. Twenty patients with(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to study the effect of isoflurane on excitatory synaptic transmission. Rat hippocampal slices maintained in vitro were used as a model. Isoflurane caused a dose-dependent reduction of the excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP); 1.5% isoflurane reduced the EPSP by 35 +/- 9% (mean +/- s.d.) and 3% by 57 +/- 11%. Neither(More)