Jon B. Christianson

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We extend the organizational ecology literature by examining the relationship between organization size and failure. Contrary to the typical monotonically declining relationship between organization size and failure rates found in ecology research, we show that this relationship varies by type of organization. Using data from censuses of Health Maintenance(More)
Pay-for-performance (P4P) initiatives have been discussed since the early 1990s, but support for the concept has grown recently, fueled by experience with quality of care measures, endorsements by key players and research that underlines the need for quality improvements and reform to the physician payment system. This synthesis examines the evidence on(More)
With the exception of Kaiser, HMOs in the 1970s were predominantly locally sponsored organizations serving limited geographic markets. National HMO firms proliferated in the 1980s so that today they compete among themselves and with local HMOs in most metropolitan areas of the United States. Along with the growth of national firms, the mid-1980s saw an(More)
OBJECTIVES Persons with schizophrenia are heavy and persistent users of Medicaid services. Interruptions in their Medicaid coverage may have serious consequences for the mental health of these individuals and their subsequent use of mental health services. This study sought to determine the impact of interruptions in Medicaid coverage on the use of(More)
This study estimated the effect of mergers on health maintenance organization (HMO) premiums, using data on all operational non-Medicaid HMOs in the United States from 1985 to 1993. Two critical issues were examined: whether HMO mergers increase or decrease premiums; and whether the effects of mergers differ according to the degree of competition among HMOs(More)
Policymakers are concerned that some rural hospitals have suffered significant losses under the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 and that access to inpatient and emergency care may be at risk. This article projects that the median total profit margin for rural hospitals will fall from 4 percent in 1997 to between 2.5 and 3.7 percent after the BBA, Balanced(More)
If the Clinton health care reform package becomes law, community mental health centers will face challenges similar to those recently encountered by centers in several states under new Medicaid initiatives to capitate payments for mental health care. The authors summarize experiences and research findings from centers in two states using two different(More)
An important aspect of the ongoing debate on rural health policy is how to deliver inpatient care in sparsely populated rural areas. One alternative is to create a new classification of rural inpatient facility that would deliver more limited services than available in a rural hospital, have more flexibility in staffing requirements, and possibly be(More)