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The members of the Dicistroviridae family are non-enveloped positive-sense single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA) viruses pathogenic to beneficial arthropods as well as insect pests of medical importance. Triatoma virus (TrV), a member of this family, infects several species of triatomine insects (popularly named kissing bugs), which are vectors for human(More)
The exceptional versatility of calmodulin (CaM) three-dimensional arrangement is reflected in the growing number of structural models of CaM/protein complexes currently available in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) database, revealing a great diversity of conformations, domain organization, and structural responses to Ca(2+). Understanding CaM binding is(More)
Triatoma virus (TrV) is a non-enveloped +ssRNA virus belonging to the insect virus family Dicistroviridae. Mass spectrometry (MS) and gel electrophoresis were used to detect the previously elusive capsid protein VP4. Its cleavage sites were established by sequencing the N-terminus of the protein precursor and MS, and its stoichiometry with respect to the(More)
The interaction between a viral capsid and its genome governs crucial steps in the life cycle of a virus, such as assembly and genome uncoating. Tuning cargo-capsid interactions is also essential for successful design and cargo delivery in engineered viral systems. Here we investigate the interplay between cargo and capsid for the picorna-like Triatoma(More)
Triatoma virus (TrV) is a member of the insect virus family Dicistroviridae and consists of a small, non-enveloped capsid that encloses its positive-sense ssRNA genome. Using cryo-transmission electron microscopy and three-dimensional reconstruction techniques combined with fitting of the available crystallographic models, this study analysed the capsids(More)
Dicistroviridae is a new family of small, non-enveloped, +ssRNA viruses pathogenic to both beneficial arthropods and insect pests. Little is known about the dicistrovirus replication mechanism or gene function, and any knowledge on these subjects comes mainly from comparisons with mammalian viruses from the Picornaviridae family. Due to its peculiar genome(More)
Dicistroviridae is a new family of small, nonenveloped, and +ssRNA viruses pathogenic to both beneficial arthropods and insect pests as well. Triatoma virus (TrV), a dicistrovirus, is a pathogen of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), one of the main vectors of Chagas disease. In this work, we report a single-step method to identify TrV, a(More)
alpha-Haemolysin (HlyA) is a toxin secreted by pathogenic Escherichia coli, whose lytic activity requires submillimolar Ca(2+) concentrations. Previous studies have shown that Ca(2+) binds within the Asp and Gly rich C-terminal nonapeptide repeat domain (NRD) in HlyA. The presence of the NRD puts HlyA in the RTX (Repeats in Toxin) family of proteins. We(More)
The recent high-resolution structure of the toxin FraC derived from the sea anemone Actinia fragacea has provided new insight into the mechanism of pore formation by actinoporins. In this work, we report two new crystal forms of FraC in its oligomeric prepore conformation. Together with the previously reported structure, these two new structures reveal that(More)