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Neuronal substrates that mediate the conditioned effects of cocaine have not been well characterized. To examine dopaminergic mechanisms, three antagonists were tested for their capacity to inhibit the expression of conditioned locomotor activity and conditioned place preference in rats. Antagonists were also assessed against acute cocaine-stimulated(More)
Morphine is the prototypic mu-opioid analgesic; however, in certain situations in vitro, morphine behaves as a partial agonist. To assess the relative intrinsic activity of morphine and three other mu-opioid analgesics in vivo, beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA), an irreversible antagonist selective for the mu receptor, was used to reduce the effective receptor(More)
UNLABELLED CONTEXTS: An evidence base for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) consumption within general populations is emerging. However, research data on CAM use for headache disorders remain poorly documented. This paper, constituting the first critical review of literature on this topic, provides a synopsis and evaluation of the research(More)
In recent years what can loosely be described as a sociology of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has begun to emerge. Although work has been conducted with lay therapists, orthodox practitioners, and consumers, overall, research in this area remains patchy and underdeveloped. Despite its role at the forefront of integration, the sociological(More)
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Clinicians' means of stratification of risk of violence has been previously studied in health settings, but not in general practice. This study aimed to investigate the means by which general practitioners (GPs) assess risk of violence in their clinical practice. METHOD A qualitative design using focus group interviews and(More)
The cold water tail-flick test in the rat is somewhat unique in that it is sensitive to the analgesic effects of delta- and kappa- in addition to mu-opioid agonists. The present study was designed to test whether a component of morphine-induced analgesia in this test might be mediated by delta- or kappa-opioid receptors. Morphine was administered icv in(More)
The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative therapy (CAT) use among cancer patients in Australia. A total of 1492 cancer patients attending nine major public cancer treatment centers in New South Wales, Australia, were asked to complete the Supportive Care Needs Survey. Of the 1354 consenting(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the characteristics of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) users and non-users among Australian women. DESIGN Cross-sectional postal questionnaire conducted during 1996, forming the baseline survey of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. PARTICIPANTS Women aged 18-23 years (n = 14 779), 45-50 years (n = 14(More)
BACKGROUND The use of complementary and alternative medicine has attracted much attention and debate in recent years. The objective of this critical review is to examine the evidence base on use of complementary products and therapies during pregnancy. It examines an important but neglected issue in maternity care. METHODS A database search was conducted(More)
Dementia is a chronic illness involving increasing levels of care, often provided by family members, particularly in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. Multicultural community link workers are often the primary service providers assisting families to access health and welfare services and as such have extensive experience of, and(More)