Jolonda C. Mahoney

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Previous work conducted in vitro suggests that nitric oxide (NO) protects developing neurons against the toxic effects of alcohol. We tested the hypothesis that neonatal mice carrying a null mutation for neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), the enzyme which synthesizes NO in neurons, have increased vulnerability to alcohol-induced microencephaly and(More)
The impact of 'binge-like' ethanol exposure on postnatal days (PD) 4-9 was examined on development of gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABAAR) during the first month of life in the rat. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in acutely isolated medial septum/diagonal band (MS/DB) neurons were used to define effects of rapidly applied ethanol and other(More)
The astrocyte response to central nervous system injury induced by neonatal alcohol exposure was evaluated using radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemistry of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Rat pups were exposed to alcohol on postnatal days 4 through 9 via artificial rearing. Alcohol solutions were administered as one of the following treatments:(More)
The effect of ethanol exposure during different periods of prenatal or postnatal development on hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor binding was studied in rat. Fetal rat pups were exposed to ethanol for different periods of time during gestation via maternal consumption of a 3.35% ethanol liquid diet. In a separate experiment, neonatal pups(More)
Inoculation of the neonatal rat with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) results in the selective infection of several neuronal populations and in focal pathological changes. However, the pathway by which LCMV reaches the susceptible neurons has not been described, and the nature and time course of the pathological changes induced by the infection are(More)
Ž . The impact of ‘binge-like’ ethanol exposure on postnatal days PD 4–9 was examined on development of g-aminobutyric acid type A Ž . receptors GABA R during the first month of life in the rat. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in acutely isolated medial A Ž . septumrdiagonal band MSrDB neurons were used to define effects of rapidly applied ethanol and(More)
We examined retrospectively the records of 126 patients with blunt renal trauma to determine the criteria for radiological investigations and the imaging study of choice. Of the 3,993 patients admitted to our regional trauma unit during the last 13 years 126 (3.1%) had blunt renal trauma. Mean patient age was 32 years (range 13 to 87 years) and the(More)
Three groups of rats were normally reared by dams, artificially reared but not exposed to alcohol or artificially reared and exposed to 6.6 g/kg/day of ethanol condensed into 8 h of each 24-h period. Alcohol exposure was given from postnatal day 4 through 9 and artificial rearing was conducted from postnatal day 4 to 12. In adulthood, approximately half of(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the spontaneous activity of mature rat cerebellar neurons that had been exposed to ethanol (EtOH) during postnatal days 4 to 10, which corresponds to the third trimester in humans. Newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with gastric feeding tubes and were artificially reared from postnatal days 4 to 10 with(More)
Recently, we found that early postnatal ethanol exposure inhibits the maturation of GABAA receptors (GABAARs) in developing medial septum/diagonal band (MS/DB) neurons, suggesting that these receptors may represent a target for ethanol related to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). To determine whether GABAARs on other neurons are also sensitive to a postnatal(More)