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The pathogenesis of tobacco-related periodontal diseases is not well understood. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate smokeless tobacco extract (ST) and nicotine effects on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) secretion by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC, consisting of monocytes and lymphocytes) and gingival(More)
Eighty-two periodontal patients were treated in a split mouth design with coronal scaling (CS), root planing (RP), modified Widman surgery (MW), and flap with osseous resection surgery (FO) which were randomly assigned to various quadrants in the dentition. Therapy was performed in 3 phases: non-surgical, surgical, and supportive periodontal treatment (SPT)(More)
Eighty-two periodontally involved patients were treated in a split mouth design such that one quadrant received coronal scaling (CS), root planing (RP), modified Widman surgery (MW), and flap with osseous resection surgery (FO). The therapy was performed in three phases: Phase I: the teeth previously designated to receive RP, MW, and FO were thoroughly root(More)
Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor in the development and further progression of periodontitis. However, little is known regarding the pathogenesis of smoking-related periodontal diseases. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of nicotine, alone and in combination with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), on monocyte secretion of bone-resorbing(More)
The gastrointestinal microbiota plays an important role in maintaining host health by preventing the colonization of pathogens, fermenting dietary compounds, and maintaining normal mucosal immunity. Particularly in early life, the composition of the microbiota profoundly influences the development and maturation of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) mucosa,(More)
Eighty-two patients were treated in a split mouth design with coronal scaling (CS), root planing (RP), modified Widman surgery (MW), and flap with osseous surgery (FO) which were randomly assigned to the various quadrants in the dentition. Following phase I and phase II therapy, the patients received supportive periodontal treatment (SPT) at 3-month(More)
Previous investigations have dealt with significant alterations in pulpal respiration associated with dental materials and methods. The purpose of this investigation was to note if significant alterations in pulpal respiration remained after the insult had been removed. A rest period of 1 week was chosen to evaluate the pulpal respiration response after(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare, using cell blot analysis, the association of gingival tissue mononuclear cells (GTMC) isolated from lesions displaying histories of early-onset periodontitis (EOP; typically B-lymphocyte dominated) and gingivitis (typically T-lymphocyte dominated) with the B-cell stimulating cytokine, interleukin (IL)-4, and the(More)
The oxidation of ornithine in the presence of proline by crude extracts of Clostridium sticklandii cells was stimulated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, coenzyme A, alpha-ketoglutarate, dimethylbenzimidazolyl cobamide (DBC) coenzyme, MgCl(2), and adenosine diphosphate. Deletion of various cofactors resulted in the accumulation of a new dibasic amino(More)