Joliene R Trujillo

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Neurologic complications associated with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection vary geographically. To understand the pattern of HIV-associated neurologic complications in Mexico, 120 AIDS patients from Mexico City, Mexico, and 500 AIDS patients from Houston, Texas, were studied cross-sectionally and retrospectively. Neurologic, laboratory,(More)
Although protein receptors on the plasma membrane involved in the initial steps of productive HIV-1 infection have been well characterized, little is known about interactions between cellular carbohydrate receptors and HIV-1. Here, we report the involvement of a carbohydrate receptor, the macrophage mannose receptor (MR), and its role in supporting HIV-1(More)
Proliferation of HIV-1 in the infected host is characterized by a progressive loss of CD4+ T lymphocytes and consequent dysregulation of the immune system. Both direct and indirect mechanisms have been proposed. We show here that proteins with molecular weights 35, 48, and 110 kDa on stimulated primary human T cells are recognized by neutralizing antibodies(More)
Typically, simple flavoprotein oxidases couple the oxidation of their substrates with the formation of hydrogen peroxide without release of significant levels of the superoxide ion. However, two evolutionarily related single-domain sulfhydryl oxidases (Erv2p; a yeast endoplasmic reticulum resident protein and augmenter of liver regeneration, ALR, an enzyme(More)
Some colonic and neuronal cells which are CD4- but galactosyl ceramide-positive are susceptible to infection with HIV-1. We have previously shown that the T-cell tropic V3 loop of HIV-1 gp120 serves as a primary viral determinant for infectivity of CD4- neuronal cells. However, the nature of the V3 loop of HIV-1 needed for infection and the V3 loop's(More)
Genotypic characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in Mexico were investigated in a multicenter study that involved centers in five geographic regions of the country. Study samples (n = 65) collected from male patients in 1998-1999 were sequenced within the C2-V5 region of the gp120 env gene. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that subtype(More)
The antibody response to the HIV-1 envelope protein has not been well characterized in patients with AIDS dementia complex (ADC). We evaluated the frequency of antibodies against the HIV-1 envelope in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from 21 persons with ADC and 10 symptom-free HIV-1-positive subjects using Western immunoblot with reducing and(More)
A high frequency of autoantibodies to brain proteins has been reported in HIV-1-positive patients. However, the specificity of this response has not been characterized. Using homogenized tissue from three normal brains, the presence of autoantibodies to human brain proteins was analyzed in 16 HIV-1-positive patients with AIDS dementia complex (ADC), 10(More)
Immunologically cross-reactive proteins in the human brain that resemble the V3 loop of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 have been identified. When several homogenized tissues from normal brains were used, a monoclonal antibody raised against amino acids 308 to 320 of the V3 loop reacted with three prominent human brain proteins (HBP) of(More)