In recent decades, coral reef ecosystems have declined to the extent that reefs are now threatened globally. While many water quality parameters have been proposed to contribute to reef declines, little evidence exists conclusively linking specific water quality parameters with increased disease prevalence in situ. Here we report evidence from in situ coral… (More)
Rising sea temperatures are likely to increase the frequency of disease outbreaks aaecting reef-building corals through impacts on coral hosts and pathogens. We present and compare climate model projections of temperature conditions that will increase coral susceptibility to disease, pathogen abundance and pathogen virulence. Both moderate (RCP 4.5) and… (More)
Unravelling the contributions of local anthropogenic and seasonal environmental factors in suppressing the coral immune system is important for prioritizing management actions at reefs exposed to high levels of human activities. Here, we monitor health of the model coral Acropora millepora adjacent to a high-use and an unused reef-based tourist platform,… (More)
Plants are important in urban environments for removing pathogens and improving water quality. Seagrass meadows are the most widespread coastal ecosystem on the planet. Although these plants are known to be associated with natural biocide production, they have not been evaluated for their ability to remove microbiological contamination. Using amplicon… (More)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102498.].
AD. 1990. Particle size, aggregate size, pore size, and water retention. AD. 1990. Macroporosity and its relation to saturated hydraulic conductivity under different tillage practices. AD. 1993. Soil-macropore and layer influences on saturated hydraulic conductivity measured with borehole permeameters. Soil Sci. CL. 1995. Tillage and traffic influences on… (More)