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An amidase produced by Pseudomonas chlororaphis B23 was purified and characterized. The purification procedure used included ammonium sulfate precipitation and hydrophobic, anion-exchange, gel filtration, and ceramic hydroxyapatite chromatography steps. This amidase has a native molecular mass of about 105 kDa and is a homodimer whose subunits have a(More)
We have isolated a unique, basement membrane proteoglycan from the Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm (EHS) sarcoma. This proteoglycan, estimated to be 0.75 X 10(6) daltons, was found to contain about equal amounts of protein and covalently linked heparan sulfate. Antibody prepared against this proteoglycan reacts with the basement membrane matrix in the tumor and with(More)
A new beta-carotene ketolase gene (crtW) was cloned from an environmental isolate Sphingomonas sp. DC18. A robust and reliable color screen was developed for protein engineering to improve its activity on hydroxylated carotenoids for astaxanthin production. Localized random mutagenesis was performed on the crtW gene including the upstream ribosomal binding(More)
Normothermic rabbits and rabbits with LPS induced fever were treated with chlormethine (Nitrogranulogen, Ntg) in the doses of 1 microgram/kg and 10 micrograms/kg. The blood was collected 4, 24, 48 hrs and 4, 7, 10 days after Ntg injection. Following indices of immunity were studied: T and B cells number, number of IgM producing cells after immunization with(More)
Addition to hexamethylene bisacetamide (diacetyldiaminohexane) to cultures of a malignant mesenchymal cell line derived from a human glioblastoma multiforme induces morphological changes and stimulates the synthesis of procollagen. The morphological changes include cell elongation, an increase of extracellular material with staining properties of collagen(More)
A cell-free system for synthesizing protein from wheat germ was used to translate the messenger RNA extracted from 16-day embryonic chick calvaria. A part of the product had properties similar to collagenous peptides and served as a substrate for prolyl hydroxylase, an enzyme specific for collagen. The level of potassium was critical for the synthesis of(More)
Cells derived from osteogenic sarcomas and from Ewing's sarcomas, two malignant bone tumors, were examined for the types of collagens they elaborated into the tissue culture media. Type I procollagen was the predominant species from all osteogenic sarcoma cell lines, a finding consistent with bone cell origin. The Ewing's sarcoma cells contained a prominent(More)
Peptides prepared from the amino termini of pro alpha 1(I) and pro alpha 1(III) collagen chains inhibit the production of pro alpha 1(I) and pro alpha 2 by rat calvaria rna in a reticulocyte cell-free system. The synthesis of other proteins was not altered, suggesting a specific effect on collagen production. Various peptides from the helical region of the(More)