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Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) regulate function of NK cells and subsets of T cells. HLA class I molecules are ligands for inhibitory KIRs while specificity of activating KIRs is mainly unknown. Both KIR and HLA genotypes are highly polymorphic. In this study we analyzed associations of KIR and KIR ligand genes with the incidence and clinical(More)
Chromosomal instability is a known hallmark of many cancers. DNA polymerases represent a group of enzymes that are involved in the mechanism of chromosomal instability as they have a central function in DNA metabolism. We hypothesized that genetic variation in the polymerase genes may affect gene expression or protein configuration and by that cancer risk(More)
The purpose of our study was to establish the frequency and distribution of the four most common BRCA1 mutations in Polish general population and in a series of breast cancer patients. Analysis of the population frequency of 5382insC (c.5266dupC), 300T >G (p.181T >G), 185delAG (c.68_69delAG) and 3819del5 (c.3700_3704del5) mutations of the BRCA1 gene were(More)
The CRNDE gene seems to play an oncogenic role in cancers, though its exact function remains unknown. Here, we tried to assess its usefulness as a molecular prognostic marker in ovarian cancer. Based on results of our microarray studies, CRNDE transcripts were further analyzed by Real-Time qPCR-based profiling of their expression. The qPCR study was(More)
The 20q13 region is frequently amplified/overexpressed in breast tumours. However, the nature of this amplification/overexpression is unknown. Here, we investigated genetic variation in five 20q13 amplicon genes (MYBL2, AURKA, ZNF217, STK4 and PTPN1) and its impact on breast cancer (BC) susceptibility and clinical outcome. As a novel finding, four(More)
Telomere dysfunction is a key mechanism in cancer development. The human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is the rate-limiting catalytic subunit of the telomerase enzyme, which is necessary for the maintenance of telomere DNA length, chromosomal stability, and cellular immortality. In our attempt to identify functional polymorphisms in the TERT gene(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian malignancies are often diagnosed in advanced stage and at the same time resistance to treatment, both intrinsic and developed during treatment, is sometimes observed. These facts underscore the need for new markers of ovarian cancer risk, as well as markers of treatment effectiveness. METHODS In this study we genotyped 225 ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Copy number polymorphisms caused by genomic rearrangements like deletions, make a significant contribution to the genomic differences between two individuals and may add to disease predisposition. Therefore, genotyping of such deletion polymorphisms in case-control studies could give important insights into risk associations. RESULTS We mapped(More)
Chromosomal instability is a hallmark of many cancers and it has a potential to predict clinical outcome of a cancer patient. We hypothesized that genes whose expression status differs between chromosomal stable and unstable breast tumors represent target genes for the identification of genetic variants predicting breast cancer (BC) risk, disease(More)
Copper is the trace element essential for the proper functioning of the cells because of its role as cofactor of many crucial enzymes, such as cytochrome c oxidase, superoxide dismutase and lysyl oxidase. Cellular transport system ensures the exact distribution of copper throughout the body and consequently its malfunction could lead to serious medical(More)