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OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to evaluate the ACTH-immunopositive pituitary adenomas, especially those without manifestation of Cushing's disease MATERIAL AND METHODS 148 pituitary adenomas removed surgically in years 1994--2007 were studied. The paraffin sections were immunostained with antibodies against the pituitary hormones. In 79 adenomas the(More)
The aim of the work was to investigate the effects of somatostatin analogs acting selectively on sst1 (BIM-23926), sst2 (BIM-23120) and sst5 (BIM-23206) receptor subtypes on the viability of "clinically non-functioning" pituitary adenomas in vitro. The effects of native SST (SST-14), a SST/DA chimera (BIM-23A387) and a D(2)-dopamine receptor agonist(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of bromocriptine (BC) - D-2 receptor agonist and octreotide (OCT) - somatostatin analog on the tumor weight, prolactin (PRL) secretion, cell proliferation and apoptosis in the diethylstilboestrol (DES)-induced rat prolactinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Male four-week Fisher 344 rats were used in(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a markedly decreased number of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. The pathogenesis of PD is still unknown; among other etiological factors, immunological abnormalities have been suggested. Recently, interleukin-2 (IL-2) has been hypothesized to be an endogenous cytokine that regulates striatal dopaminergic(More)
Considering the presence of a stereospecific receptor for somatostatin (SST) in human meningioma cells and the possible involvement of this neuropeptide in the growth control of certain meningioma cell lines, the effects of SST on the proliferation of human meningioma cells in vitro was investigated. Tumour tissues for primary cell cultures were obtained(More)
The effects of several benzodiazepines (diazepam, clonazepam, Ro 15-1788 and Ro 5-4864) on cell proliferation of 2 human gliomas were estimated in vitro by means of [3H]-thymidine uptake assay. It was found that all tested benzodiazepines suppressed [3H]-thymidine incorporation into the DNA of glioma cells, the effects being stronger in case of(More)
The process of angiogenesis occurs in many physiological states, but it is also essential for the growth of solid tumours and metastasis formation. An abnormal arterial vascularization has been shown in prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas induced by prolonged treatment with oestrogens in Fischer 344 (F344) rats. It is thought that anti-angiogenic agents(More)
INTRODUCTION Plurihormonality of pituitary adenomas can be defined as the ability of an adenoma to express more than one pituitary hormone. The application of immunohistochemistry to diagnose surgically removed pituitary tumours revealed that a great number of pituitary adenomas are in fact plurihormonal. However, data on the incidence and the clinical(More)
The influence of gonadotropic hormones on the ultrastructure of rat pinealocytes in short-term organ culture was studied. Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), as well as pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG), caused a marked activation of pinealocytes. An hypothesis is discussed implying the presence of a feedback mechanism between the pineal organ and the(More)
The effect of several benzodiazepines (clonazepam, diazepam, Ro 5-4864, Ro 15-1788) and two pineal gland indoleamines (N-acetylserotonin, melatonin) on the spontaneous proliferation of mouse spleen lymphocytes was estimated in vitro by the 3 H-thymidine uptake assay. It was found that diazepam and Ro 5-4864 (a selective peripheral-type benzodiazepine(More)