Jolanta Jaworek

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Ghrelin and melatonin are produced in the central nervous system and in the gastrointestinal tissues; ghrelin in the stomach, and melatonin - in the liver and in the intestine. Both ghrelin and melatonin have been reported to protect the gastric mucosa against acute lesions and to influence gastrointestinal motility and secretions, however the physiological(More)
The present study investigated the involvement of endogenous melatonin in the prevention of pancreatic damage provoked by caerulein-induced pancreatitis (CIP) by using the luzindole, the antagonist of melatonin MT2 receptors. CIP was produced by subcutaneous infusion of caerulein to conscious rats (25 microg/kg). Luzindole (1, 2 or 4 mg/kg) was given as an(More)
Leptin released by adipocytes has been implicated in the control of food intake but recent detection of specific leptin receptors in the pancreas suggests that this peptide may also play some role in the modulation of pancreatic function. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of exogenous leptin on pancreatic enzyme secretion in vitro using(More)
Melatonin was thought to originate primarily from the pineal gland and to be secreted during the night, but recent studies revealed that gastrointestinal (GI) tract presents another, many times larger, source of melatonin that contributes significantly to the circulating concentration of this indole. Melatonin may exert a direct effect on GI tissues but its(More)
Melatonin, a pineal secretory product, synthesized from l-tryptophan, has received increased attention because of its antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties. It has been detected in the gut and shown to protect the gastric mucosa, and liver from acute damage, but the role of melatonin in the protection of the pancreas against acute inflammation is(More)
Leptin, a 16 kDa protein encoded by the ob gene, is known mainly for its role in the regulation of food intake, body composition and energy expenditure through a central feedback mechanism. Initially leptin was considered as an ob gene product of adipocytes but recently the presence of leptin and its receptors have been revealed in other organs including(More)
This study was undertaken to compare the potency of L- and D-isomers of natural amino acids (AA's) infused intravenously for stimulation of gastric acid secretion in 3 dogs with Heidenhain pouches (HP) and gastric fistulae. L-Isomers of all natural AA's were found to stimulate acid secretion from the HP, whereas D-isomers were significantly less effective.(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) in pancreatic secretion in vivo and amylase release from pancreatic acini in vitro and in caerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. Blockade of NO synthase by NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) (2.5 mg/kg i.v.) significantly reduced basal pancreatic protein secretion and(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin is a pleiotropic hormone that is involved in the regulation of food intake and body weight. Recent findings demonstrated that leptin receptors are present in the pancreas but the involvement of leptin in pancreatitis remains unknown. The aim of the present study was: (1) to assess plasma leptin levels in rats with caerulein-induced(More)
1. Gastric acid and pancreatic bicarbonate and protein secretion as well as immunoreactive serum gastrin and pancreatic polypeptide concentrations in response to a meal and secretin have been measured before and after infusion of bovine pancreatic polypeptide or its C-terminal hexapeptide. 2. Liver extract meal kept in the stomach at pH 5.5 (by intragastric(More)