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Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), are accompanied by increased levels of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo2dG) and alterations in levels of homocysteine (Hcy), methionine (Met), and cysteine (Cys). Hcy may undergo remethylation due to involvement of MTHFR, MTR and MTHFD1 proteins. Present studies are(More)
The study aimed at the analysis of polymorphisms in the gene coding for the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha4 subunit (CHRNA4) and the evaluation of the extent of the oxidative damage to DNA (8-oxo2dG), as well as the level of proteins participating in DNA repair (p53, PARP) and DNA degradation (Bax:Bcl-2, 85-kDa fragment) in the peripheral blood(More)
PURPOSE To determine the architectural pattern and neuropeptide content of canine corneal innervation. METHODS Corneal nerve fibers in normal dog eyes were labeled immunohistochemically with antibodies against protein gene product (PGP)-9.5, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), and tyrosine(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the extent of oxidative DNA damage (levels of 8-oxo2dG) and expression of OGG1 and p53 and TNF-α proteins in lymphocytes of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and a control group. The studies were conducted on 41 patients with AD, including 25 women and 16 men aged 34-84 years. The control group included 51 individuals,(More)
The authors analyzed the prevalence and incidence of parkinsonism in the Poznań region. The research led to the following conclusions: 1. Incidence of parkinsonism in the Poznań region amounts to 12.6 per 100,000 of population, which is the middle value of scatter in the investigation on a world-scale. The prevalence of the disease--65.9 per 100,000--is the(More)
The presenilin 1 (PS-1) gene, recently identified on chromosome 14q24.3, is a major gene involved into the autosomal dominant forms of early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD). Mutations of the PS-1 gene are responsible for the majority of familial EOAD. We found a novel mutation in a Polish family with EOAD from the Poznań region. The mutation at codon 424(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the level of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo2dG) and expression of three isoforms of 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1), OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c, and OGG1 protein and Ser326Cys and Arg46Gln polymorphisms of the OGG1 gene, in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls. The(More)
The majority of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) has been associated with mutations in a novel gene on chromosome 14 which has been termed presenilin-1 gene. We screened for mutations within the presenilin-1 gene in twenty patients with EOAD using a PCR-SSCP analysis. We found three aberrant (mutant?) band patterns for exons 4 and 7 in three(More)
Recent data have demonstrated that presence of apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon *4 allele is a major risk factor of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We determined the APOE genotypes in 64 patients with sporadic probable AD and 43 non-demented aged controls selected from Poznań region and the western part of Poland using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed(More)
The deposition of beta A4-amyloid in senile plaques in the brain and small cerebral vessels is one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Serine protease inhibitors (serpins) such as alpha 1-antitrypsin and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin have been found to be associated with beta-amyloid deposits; interest in their role in the pathogenesis of(More)