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The nervus terminalis is a ganglionated vertebrate cranial nerve of unknown function that connects the brain and the peripheral nasal structures. To investigate its function, we have studied nervus terminalis ganglion morphology and physiology in the bonnethead shark (Sphyrna tiburo), where the nerve is particularly prominent. Immunocytochemistry for(More)
Predators and their odors offer an ethologically valid model to study learning processes. The present series of experiments assessed the ability of ferret odor to serve as an unconditioned stimulus and examined behavioral and endocrine changes in male Sprague-Dawley rats with single or repeated exposures in a defensive withdrawal paradigm or in their home(More)
We investigated the effects of acetylcholine (ACh) and norepinephrine (NE) on activity in the nervus terminalis (NT) ganglion of the bonnethead shark (Sphyrna tiburo) using an in vitro preparation and whole nerve recordings. Spectral analysis indicated that ACh (10 and 100 microM) had a variable effect on the total spectral power of whole nerve activity but(More)
Dahl salt-sensitive rats, but not salt-resistant rats, develop hypertension in response to high salt intake. We have previously shown an inverse relationship between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) concentration and blood pressure of Dahl salt-sensitive rats during high salt intake. In this study, we report on the relationship between high salt intake(More)
Tonic activity was recorded extracellularly in the nervus terminalis of the bonnethead shark. Cutting or cooling the nerve central to its ganglion eliminated these spikes, and was followed by an increase in multi-unit activity which appeared to arise from the ganglion. After cutting centrally, electrical stimulation of the distal stump of the nerve(More)
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