Jolanda White

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This study examined the effects of arginine supplement of fluid resuscitation from burn injury on cardiac contractile performance and bacterial translocation after a third-degree burn comprising 43% of the total body surface area in adult rats. Before burn injury, rats were instrumented to measure blood pressure; after burn (or sham injury), paired groups(More)
The release of oxygen free radicals from ischemic myocardium has been implicated as a causative factor of cardiac dysfunction after thermal injury. In this study, isolated coronary perfused guinea pig hearts were used to determine if free radical scavengers improve left ventricular (LV) intrinsic contractile response to burn shock. Parameters measured(More)
Whereas previous studies suggest that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induces cardiac contraction-relaxation deficits, the mechanisms remain unclear. Our recent studies have implicated cardiac-derived nitric oxide (NO). This study examined the detrimental and protective effects of NO donors S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP) or (Z)-1-(More)
Dahl salt-sensitive rats, but not salt-resistant rats, develop hypertension in response to high salt intake. We have previously shown an inverse relationship between plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) concentration and blood pressure of Dahl salt-sensitive rats during high salt intake. In this study, we report on the relationship between high salt intake(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of protein kinase C (PKC) inhibition on cardiac performance and intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. DESIGN Previous studies have shown that trauma impairs cardiac mechanical function, and recent studies suggest that PKC activation and subsequent perturbations in Ca2+ sequestration/release contribute to this cardiac dysfunction.(More)
Whereas hypertonic saline-dextran (HSD, 7.5% NaCl in 6% D70) improves cardiac contractile function after burn trauma, the mechanisms of HSD-related cardioprotection remain unclear. We recently showed that cardiomyocytes secrete tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a response that was enhanced by burn trauma. This study addressed the question: does HSD(More)
The increasing availability of mice with gene supplementation (transgenic), site-specific inactivation mutations (gene "knock-outs"), or site-specific genetic modification mutations (gene "knock-ins") has spurred interest in the development of murine trauma models. In this study, C57 BL/6 mice (28 g) were given a cutaneous burn over 40% total body surface(More)
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