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Silver nanoparticles are of interest to be used as antimicrobial agents in wound dressings and coatings in medical devices, but potential adverse effects have been reported in the literature. The most pronounced effect of silver nanoparticles and the role of particle size in determining these effects, also in comparison to silver ions, are largely unknown.(More)
In situ end-labeling (ISEL) identifies DNA fragmentation in apoptotic or necrotic nuclei in tissue sections. However, application of ISEL on human brain requires conservation of DNA integrity during the postmortem delay (PMD) and good accessibility of fragmented DNA after (prolonged) tissue fixation. We therefore investigated ISEL in relation to PMD and(More)
Injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or kainate in the striatum of 7-day-old rats induced massive cell loss in the ipsilateral striatum, hippocampus and inner cortical layers. In order to examine whether apoptosis contributes to cell death in this model of excitotoxic injury we examined the progression of internucleosomal DNA fragmentation and changes(More)
Several in vitro DNA microarray studies have shown the importance of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) in skin sensitization. Nevertheless, the exact in vivo role of the Nrf2-Keap1 pathway during the induction of skin sensitization remains unknown. To study the function of Nrf2, a local lymph node assay was performed in wild-type and(More)
The levels of the N-methyl-D-aspartate subclass of glutamate receptor were determined in organotypic neocortical explants chronically exposed to a growth medium containing 25 mM potassium (K25). Explants exposed to 25 mM potassium for 2-3 weeks evinced significantly less binding of the non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-associated channel(More)
Mouse models are frequently used to study immunity and pathogenesis to Bordetella pertussis infection. To improve the understanding of the mouse infection model, the influx of host cells and B. pertussis localisation in the lungs were evaluated. Furthermore, the roles of filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and fimbriae (Fim) in these processes were determined.(More)
Tobacco smoke consists of thousands of harmful components. A major class of chemicals found in tobacco smoke is formed by aldehydes, in particular formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acrolein. The present study investigates the gene expression changes in human lung alveolar epithelial cells upon exposure to formaldehyde, acrolein and acetaldehyde at(More)
Both nucleotide excision repair (NER) and the p53 tumor suppressor protein play crucial roles in the prevention of cells becoming cancerous. This is clearly demonstrated by the fact that NER-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum patients and Li-Fraumeni patients who carry a germ-line p53 mutation are highly tumor prone. The NER-deficient Xpa and the p53(+/-)(More)
The vulnerability of the rat brain to intracerebrally injected N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) drastically changes with age. We evaluated the developmental changes in the early and late responses to NMDA using 1H magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cortical impedance and histology. NMDA, injected in the striatum of rats at postnatal days (P) 4, 7, 10, 14 and 21,(More)
Pertussis is an infectious disease of the respiratory tract that is caused by the gram-negative bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Although acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines are safe, they are not fully effective and thus require improvement. In contrast to whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines, aP vaccines do not contain lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Monophosphoryl(More)