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Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration, a common cause of low back pain in humans, is a relentlessly progressive phenomenon with no currently available effective treatment. In an attempt to solve this dilemma, we transplanted autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow into a rabbit model of disc degeneration to determine if stem cells could(More)
Despite the high prevalence of intervertebral disc disease, little is known about changes in intervertebral disc cells and their regenerative potential with ageing and intervertebral disc degeneration. Here we identify populations of progenitor cells that are Tie2 positive (Tie2+) and disialoganglioside 2 positive (GD2+), in the nucleus pulposus from mice(More)
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is effective in decelerating disc degeneration in small animals; much remains unknown about this new therapy in larger animals or humans. Fas-ligand (FasL), which is only found in tissues with isolated immune privilege, is expressed in IVDs, particularly in the nucleus pulposus (NP). Maintaining the FasL(More)
The basic molecular characteristics of intervertebral disc cells are still poorly defined. This study compared the phenotypes of nucleus pulposus (NP), annulus fibrosus (AF) and articular cartilage (AC) cells using rat coccygeal discs and AC from both young and aged animals and a combination of microarray, real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry.(More)
STUDY DESIGN Microarray gene expression profiling, quantitative gene expression analysis, and immunohistochemistry was used to investigate molecular variations between nucleus pulposus (NP) and anulus fibrosus (AF) of the dog intervertebral disc (IVD). OBJECTIVE To identify specific molecules with differing expression patterns in NP and AF and compare(More)
Intervertebral disc degeneration is considered to be one of the major causes of low back pain. Despite this irreversible phenomenon, attempts to decelerate disc degeneration using various techniques have been reported. However, to date there has been no proven technique effective for broad clinical application. Based on previous studies, we hypothesize that(More)
STUDY DESIGN An in vivo study to assess the differentiation status of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplanted to the nucleus pulposus of degenerative discs in a rabbit model. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the fate of MSCs transplanted to the nucleus pulposus of degenerative discs in a rabbit and to determine whether they are a suitable alternative for cell(More)
STUDY DESIGN An analysis of the histologic changes in intervertebral discs after percutaneous reinsertion of the nucleus pulposus in rats. OBJECTIVE To devise a way to delay further disc degeneration resulting from spinal deformity and the adverse effects of various treatments. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The role of the nucleus pulposus of the(More)
UNLABELLED Although a recent study has shown that skeletal tissues express ASICs, their function is unknown. We show that intervertebral disc cells express ASIC3; moreover, expression is uniquely regulated and needed for survival in a low pH and hypoeromsotic medium. These findings suggest that ASIC3 may adapt disc cells to their hydrodynamically stressed(More)
Reinsertion of autogenous nucleus pulposus, an innovative method to delay further disc degeneration, has been proved with an experimental animal model. This study examined whether coculture of nucleus pulposus cells with annulus fibrosus cells (a) activates annulus fibrosus cells and (b) retards disc degeneration when reinserted into the disc in a rabbit(More)