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BACKGROUND Approximately one-third of stroke survivors suffer from post-stroke depression (PSD) in the acute or chronic stages. The presence of PSD in the acute stage after stroke is reportedly associated with poor patient prognosis; therefore, early recognition and treatment of PSD may alleviate these consequences. The aim of the current study was to(More)
The spontaneous microaggregation of platelets (SMAPs) is a marker for the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases. Coupling factor 6 (CF6) binds to the plasma membrane ATP synthase and functions as a pro-atherogenic molecule in the cardiovascular system. However, the role of CF6 in SMAPs and stroke remains unknown. In 650 consecutive patients,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neuroradiological characteristics and functional outcomes of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) during novel oral anticoagulant treatment were not well defined. We examined these in comparison with those during warfarin treatment. METHODS The consecutive 585 patients with ICH admitted from April 2011 through October 2013(More)
BACKGROUND Depression after stroke is one of the most serious complications of stroke. Although many studies have shown that the length of hospital stay (LOHS) is a measurable and important stroke outcome, research has found limited evidence concerning the effect of depression on LOHS among patients who have experienced acute stroke. The objective of this(More)
BACKGROUND Severity and functional outcome of patients with cardioembolic stroke (CE) occurring during non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) treatment remain uncertain. METHODS The consecutive 355 CE patients within 48 hours after onset and with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 1 or less before onset were studied. Of all, 262 patients(More)
INTRODUCTION Female sex is a risk factor for thromboembolic events in Caucasian, but not in Japanese, patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. However, it remains unclear whether the female sex is also a risk factor for severe stroke and unfavorable functional outcome in patients with cardioembolic (CE) stroke. METHODS Three hundred fifty-five(More)
We report a case of a nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patient with acute cardioembolic stroke in whom rivaroxaban, an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, reduced a smoke-like echo in the left atrium and resolved a thrombus in the left atrial appendage. A 71-year-old man was admitted because of the sudden onset of right hemiplegia and aphasia and was(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction of quality of life (QOL) in physical and psychological health and social environment has not been tested in stroke during a posthospitalization period, and a better understanding of the components of QOL would lead to a more integrated and person-centered approach to health management and outcome optimization. We investigated how QOL(More)
Warfarin is used worldwide to prevent cardioembolic stroke (CES) in patients with atrial fibrillation even in the era of direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC). We evaluated clinical characteristics of the patients with CES and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) occurring during warfarin treatment, focusing on prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR)(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) value for predicting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (pAF) in ischemic stroke patients remains uncertain. METHODS The consecutive 222 ischemic stroke patients (median 77 [IQR 68-83] years old, 93 females) within 48 hours after onset were retrospectively studied. Plasma ANP and brain natriuretic(More)