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First-principles modeling combined with experimental methods were used to study hydroxyapatite in which Sr2+ is substituted for Ca2+. Detailed analyses of cation-oxygen bond distributions, cation-cation distances, and site 1-oxygen polyhedron twist angles were made in order to provide an atomic-scale interpretation of the observed structural modifications.(More)
Right angle magnetron sputtering (RAMS) was used to produce hydroxyapatite (HA) film coatings on pure titanium substrates and oriented silicon wafer (Si(0 0 1)) substrates with flat surfaces as well as engineered surfaces having different forms. Analyses using synchrotron XRD, AFM, XPS, FTIR and SEM with EDS showed that as-sputtered thin coatings consist of(More)
Characterization of lead substitution for calcium in hydroxyapatite (CaHA) is carried out, using experimental techniques and Density Functional theoretical (DFT) analyses. Theoretical modeling is used to obtain information of the Pb chemical environment for occupancy at either Ca(I) or Ca(II) sites of CaHA. Effects of the larger ionic radius of Pb(+2)(More)
A basic understanding of Zn incorporation on bulk and hydrated (0 0 1) surfaces of hydroxyapatite (HA) is attained through electronic structure calculations which use a combined first principles density functional (DFT) and extended Hückel tight binding (EHTB) methodology. A Zn substituted hydroxyapatite relaxed structure is obtained through a periodic cell(More)
Hydroxyvanadinite, Pb(10)(VO(4))(6)(OH)(2), was prepared by the co-precipitation method and analyzed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XANES, EXAFS), infrared spectroscopy, Raman scattering and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that the structure is very similar to that of vanadinite, Pb(10)(VO(4))(6)Cl(2), with space group P6(3)/m (176) and cell(More)
High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and ab initio quantum-mechanical calculations of electronic structure were combined to investigate the structure of the hydroxyapatite (HA) (010) surface, which plays an important role in HA interactions with biological media. HA was synthesized by in vitro precipitation at 37°C. HRTEM images revealed(More)
Substitution of cadmium into bulk hydroxyapatite Ca((10-x))Cd(x)(PO(4))(6)(OH)(2) (CdHA: x = 0.12, 1.3, 2.5) is studied by combining X-ray diffraction data from synchrotron radiation, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Energetic and electronic analyses are carried out for several configurations(More)
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