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Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder that leads to aplastic anemia and birth defects and predisposes to cancer. FA cells exhibit characteristic hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents such as mitomycin C (MMC), and FANCG is one of six known FA gene products. By immunocytochemical analysis of transfected cells, we discovered that although FANCG(More)
Gene products mutated in the inherited bone marrow failure syndromes dyskeratosis congenita (DC), cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH), Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA), and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) are all predicted to be involved in different aspects of ribosome synthesis. At this moment, however, it is unclear whether this link indicates a causal(More)
Diamond Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a rare, genetically and clinically heterogeneous, inherited red cell aplasia. Classical DBA affects about seven per million live births and presents during the first year of life. However, as mutated genes have been discovered in DBA, non-classical cases with less distinct phenotypes are being described in adults as well as(More)
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and bone marrow failure, often associated with neurodevelopmental and skeletal abnormalities. Mutations in the SBDS gene have been shown to cause SDS. The purpose of this document is to provide draft guidelines for diagnosis, evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are marrow failure states that may be associated with chromosomal instability. An absence of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzyme may genetically predispose individuals to AA or MDS. PROCEDURE AND RESULTS To test this hypothesis, we determined the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes in a total(More)
BACKGROUND Almost half of the deaths that result from myelodysplastic syndromes are due to cytopenia associated with bone marrow failure. Treatment is mostly supportive care. OBJECTIVE To determine whether treatment with antithymocyte globulin improves cytopenia and reverses dependence on red blood cell transfusions in patients with myelodysplastic(More)
Patients with bone marrow failure are at risk for development of hematopoietic progenitor clones with abnormal numbers of chromosomes (aneuploidy) and leukemia. Numerical centrosome abnormalities or mutations in genes associated with the mitotic spindle checkpoint (BUB1 and MAD2) are two important mechanisms that can induce abnormal mitosis resulting in(More)
Aneuploidy is frequently seen in leukemia and myelodysplasia (MDS) but was thought to be uncommon in aplastic anemia (AA). We examined marrow cells from 96 unselected patients with bone marrow failure syndromes to assess the frequency of undetected aneuploidy for chromosomes 7 and 8 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) as compared to routine(More)
Dentato-rubral and pallido-luysian atrophy (DRPLA) is one of the family of neurodegenerative diseases caused by expansion of a polyglutamine tract. The drpla gene product, atrophin-1, is widely expressed, has no known function or activity, and is found in both the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments of neurons. Truncated fragments of atrophin-1 accumulate(More)
Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a rare inherited bone marrow failure syndrome caused by ribosomal protein haploinsufficiency. DBA exhibits marked phenotypic variability, commonly presenting with erythroid hypoplasia, less consistently with non-erythroid features. The p53 pathway, activated by abortive ribosome assembly, is hypothesized to contribute to the(More)