Johnson J. Thomas

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BD5088 alpha-amylase derived from archaeal sources has characteristics of pH and temperature tolerance that are well suited to hydrolysis of starch in food processing applications. The production microorganism recipient strain, Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar I, strain MB101, was avirulent after oral administration to mice and does not represent an(More)
Large granular lymphocyte leukemia (LGLL) is a common fatal disease in aging F344 rats. The current understanding of rat LGLL and a search for mechanistic data/correlations to human leukemia were examined with the goal of improving evaluation of the LGLL endpoint in cancer bioassays as it relates to human cancer risk assessments. The exact cell of origin of(More)
Expression of the Cry34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1 proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Berliner strain PS149B1 in genetically modified maize (event DAS-59122-7) protects the crop from damage due to feeding by Diabrotica larvae including the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera). As part of the safety assessment of this maize, mammalian(More)
Registration of new plant protection products (e.g., herbicide, insecticide, or fungicide) requires comprehensive mammalian toxicity evaluation including carcinogenicity studies in two species. The outcome of the carcinogenicity testing has a significant bearing on the overall human health risk assessment of the substance and, consequently, approved uses(More)
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was evaluated in both the Amphibian Metamorphosis Assay (AMA) and the Fish Short Term Reproduction Assay (FSTRA). In the AMA, tadpoles were exposed to mean measured 2,4-D concentrations of 0 (water control), 0.273, 3.24, 38.0 and 113 mg acid equivalents (ae)/L for either seven or 21 days. In the FSTRA, fathead minnows(More)
A lesion was identified in the eye of a juvenile llama, and preliminary clinical findings included anterior uveitis and an exudative retinal detachment suggestive of infectious disease. However, histopathologic evaluation of the enucleated globe revealed an intraocular neoplasm composed of primitive neuroepithelium forming ribbons, cords, and rosettes,(More)
DAS-40278-9 maize (corn) plants have been genetically modified by the insertion of the aad-1 gene (aryloxyalkanoate dioxygenase), which confers tolerance to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and aryloxyphenoxypropionate (AOPP) acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) inhibitors ("fop" herbicides) to enable the effective use of these herbicides on maize.(More)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has included an amphibian metamorphosis assay (AMA) to detect thyroid active chemicals in Tier 1 testing of their endocrine screening program. To understand the variability, specificity, and reliability of the key endpoints of this assay, two exposure studies with Xenopus laevis tadpoles were conducted(More)
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) database of technical reports on carcinogenicity bioassays has been interrogated for the incidence of primary pulmonary neoplasms in B6C3F1 mice. A total of 170 study reports were selected, from studies that completed the in-life phase during 1983-2007, which included neoplasm incidence data for 180 control groups(More)
Real-time embedded programs are time sensitive and, to trace such programs, the instrumentation mechanism must honor the programs' timing constraints. We present a time-aware instrumentation technique that injects program code with slack-based conditional instrumentation. The central idea is to execute instrumentation code only when its execution does not(More)