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Many organisms use sophisticated systems to acquire growth-limiting iron. Iron limitation is especially apparent in bacterial pathogens of mammalian hosts where free iron concentrations are physiologically negligible. A common strategy is to secrete low molecular weight iron chelators, termed siderophores, and express high affinity receptors for the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus uses several efficient iron acquisition strategies to overcome iron limitation. Recently, the genetic locus encoding biosynthetic enzymes for the iron chelating molecule, staphyloferrin A (SA), was determined. S. aureus synthesizes and secretes SA into its environment to scavenge iron. The membrane-anchored ATP binding cassette-binding(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of bloodstream, respiratory tract, and skin and soft tissue infections. In the bloodstream, the iron-binding glycoprotein transferrin circulates to provide iron to cells throughout the body, but its iron-binding properties make it an important component of innate immunity. It is well established that siderophores,(More)
In this study, we report experimental results that provide the first complete challenge of a proposed model for heme acquisition by Staphylococcus aureus via the Isd pathway first put forth by Mazmanian, S. K., Skaar, E. P., Gaspar, A. H., Humayun, M., Gornicki, P., Jelenska, J., Joachmiak, A., Missiakas, D. M., and Schneewind, O. (2003) Science 299,(More)
Siderophores are iron-scavenging molecules produced by many microbes. In general, they are synthesized using either non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) or NRPS-independent siderophore (NIS) pathways. Staphylococcus aureus produces siderophores, of which the structures of staphyloferrin A and staphyloferrin B are known. Recently, the NIS biosynthetic(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus synthesizes two siderophores, staphyloferrin A and staphyloferrin B, that promote iron-restricted growth. Previous work on the biosynthesis of staphyloferrin B has focused on the role of the synthetase enzymes, encoded from within the sbnA-I operon, which build the siderophore from the precursor molecules citrate,(More)
Bacteria need to scavenge iron from their environment, and this is no less important for bacterial pathogens while attempting to survive in the mammalian host. One key strategy is the synthesis of small iron chelators known as siderophores. The study of siderophore biosynthesis systems over the past several years has shed light on novel enzymology and, as(More)
The regional structure of the sarcin domain of 23S rRNA of Escherichia coli ribosomes was determined by a combinatory approach of oligo DNA probes and the action of alpha-sarcin. The sarcin domain is protected by a reactive complementary oligo DNA probe against the hydrolytic action of alpha-sarcin. This protective effect is dependent upon the length and(More)
The substrate specificity of monomeric and dimeric forms of alpha-sarcin was investigated by membrane blotting procedures. Dimeric alpha-sarcin fails to inactivate ribosomes as well as to hydrolyze mini-stem-loop RNA, whereas monomeric alpha-sarcin catalyzes both substrates. Both monomeric and dimeric alpha-sarcin are effective ribonucleases that are(More)
OBJECTIVES The management of patients on anticoagulation therapy is challenging. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review to establish the effectiveness of hemostatic interventions to prevent postoperative bleeding following dental extractions among patients taking warfarin. METHODS A systematic review of the literature was conducted(More)
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