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A Markov model of evolution of characters on a phylogenetic tree consists of a tree topology together with a specification of probability transition matrices on the edges of the tree. Previous work has shown that, under mild conditions, the tree topology may be reconstructed, in the sense that the topology is identifiable from knowledge of the joint(More)
Hair exhibits strong anisotropic dynamic properties which demand distinct dynamic models for single strands and hair-hair interactions. While a single strand can be modeled as a multibody open chain expressed in generalized coordinates, modeling hair-hair interactions is a more difficult problem. A dynamic model for this purpose is proposed based on a(More)
A fundamental problem in reconstructing the evolutionary history of a set of species is to infer the topology of the evolutionary tree that relates those species. A statistical method for estimating such a topology from character data is called consistent if, given data from more and more characters, the method is sure to converge to the true topology. A(More)
We present methods for recovering surface height fields such as geometric details of 3D textures by incorporating shadow constraints. We introduce shadow graphs which give a new graph-based representation for shadow constraints. It can be shown that the shadow graph alone is sufficient to solve the shape-from-shadow problem from a dense set of images.(More)
We present a method to solve shape-from-shadow using shadow graphs which give a new graph-based representation for shadow constraints. It can be shown that the shadow graph alone is enough to solve the shape-from-shadow problem from a dense set of images. Shadow graphs provide a simpler and more systematic approach to represent and integrate shadow(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for estimating the flow fields of dynamic temporal textures whose motion differs radically from that of rigid bodies. Our approach is based on a local flow probability distribution function at each pixel using the STAR model and the data from a spatio-temporal neighborhood. The peak of this density function can be(More)
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