Johnny Bryant

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Labrum pathology may contribute to early joint degeneration through the alteration of load transfer between, and the stresses within, the cartilage layers of the hip. We hypothesize that the labrum seals the hip joint, creating a hydrostatic fluid pressure in the intra-articular space, and limiting the rate of cartilage layer consolidation. The overall(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the acetabular labrum on the consolidation, and hence the solid matrix strains and stresses, of the cartilage layers of the hip joint. A plane-strain finite element model was developed, which represented a coronal slice through the acetabular and femoral cartilage layers and the acetabular labrum.(More)
Clinical results with elbow prostheses have been disappointing. A detailed knowledge of elbow joint geometry and mechanics is necessary to improve prosthetic design. In this study, the humeroulnar articulation of four human cadaver elbows was examined using surface analytic methods. In this article, the location of the transverse axis of elbow(More)
The compressive and tensile material properties of the bovine acetabular labrum were measured. Confined compression testing was used to determine the aggregate compressive modulus and the permeability of the labrum. The compressive modulus of the labrum (0.157 +/- 0.057 MPa) is comparable to that of the morphologically similar meniscus, and approximately(More)
Quantitative changes in valgus/varus knee stability with different levels of muscular activity were determined for five subjects. A specially designed machine was used to measure resistance to angulation in the frontal plane. This device held the thigh stationary, the knee straight, an cycled the leg from side to side at a constant rate between present(More)
A method by which the location of vertebral bodies can be estimated from the external profile of the spine in the sagittal plane is described. The technique involves a normalization of the curve from T1 to L5 and approximation using a cubic spline. Mapping functions are developed that enable the transformation of a skin profile to a vertebral centroid(More)
This article describes tibiofemoral contact area measurement results from tests on 1 commercial total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using 2 experimental methods-fuji film and diagnostic ultrasound. The study presents a novel diagnostic ultrasound technique developed specifically for measuring TKA contact areas. Because most experimental investigations have been(More)
A method is described which provides standardised reproducible radiographic images of the lower limb. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs are digitised and processed by computer to provide graphic/numeric displays of angles and linear measurements, relating the centre points of the hip, knee, and ankle. Two cases illustrate how surgical planning is(More)
Seventeen female and 24 male subjects had varus and valgus and apparent rotations measured using a standardized mechanical testing device that cyclically applied a 20-Nm moment in each direction. Five parameters--apparent varus rotation, apparent valgus rotation, apparent overall rotation, varus stiffness, and valgus stiffness showed intersubject variations(More)