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An anecdotal series of nine patients (three men and six women with an average age of 57 years) presented with progressive neurologic deterioration while on medical therapy for large right hemispheric cerebral infarction. Clinical signs of uncal herniation (anisocoria or fixed and dilated pupils, and/or left hemiplegia with right decerebrate posturing) were(More)
OBJECT Use of orbital rim and orbitozygomatic osteotomy has been extensively reported to increase exposure in neurosurgical procedures. However, there have been few attempts to quantify the extent of additional exposure gained by these maneuvers. Using a novel laboratory technique, the authors have attempted to measure the increase in the "area of exposure"(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the far-lateral transcondylar transtubercular approach (complete FLA) based on quantitative measurements of the exposure of the foramen magnum and petroclival area obtained after each successive step of this approach. METHODS The complete FLA was reproduced in eight specially prepared cadaveric heads (a(More)
OBJECT The authors conducted a cadaveric anatomical study to quantify and compare the area of surgical exposure and the freedom available for instrument manipulation provided by the following four surgical approaches to the extracranial periclival region: simple transoral (STO), transoral with a palate split (TOPS), Le Fort I osteotomy (LFO), and median(More)
OBJECT The petrosal approach to the petroclival region has been used by a variety of authors in various ways and the terminology has become quite confusing. A systematic assessment of the benefits and limitations of each approach is also lacking. The authors classify their approach to the middle and upper clivus, review the applications for each, and test(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical presentation, operative findings, and surgical management of patients with spontaneous middle fossa encephalocele (SMFE) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage repaired using a middle fossa craniotomy (MFC) approach. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Fifteen consecutive patients(More)
New criteria that define acromegaly remission are more stringent: normal (age/sex-adjusted) insulin-like growth factor type 1 (IGF-1), growth hormone (GH) random (GHr) <1 μg/L, and a GH nadir (GHn) during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) of <0.4 μg/L. Discordance between GH and IGF-1 values is often attributed to somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs) or(More)
Acromegaly is associated with serious morbidity and mortality, if not well controlled. Approved somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs) are a mainstay of medical therapy and exhibit preferential affinity for somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtype 2. Our objective was to assess whether characteristic features of individual growth hormone (GH)-secreting adenomas(More)
OBJECT Pituitary adenomas represent a large proportion of brain tumors that are increasing in incidence because of improved imaging techniques. Headache is the primary symptom in patients with large tumors (macroadenomas), but is also a symptom in patients with small tumors (microadenomas, tumors < 1.0 cm). The prevalence and optimal treatment of headaches(More)
OBJECT Conventional wisdom regarding skull base surgery says that more extensive bone removal equals greater exposure. Few researchers have quantitatively examined this assertion, however. In this study the authors used a frameless stereotactic system to measure quantitatively the area of petroclival exposure and surgical freedom for manipulation of(More)