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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Most strains of herpes simplex virus that are resistant to acyclovir are susceptible in vitro to both foscarnet and vidarabine. We conducted a randomized trial to compare foscarnet with vidarabine in 14 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and mucocutaneous herpetic lesions that had been unresponsive to(More)
The hydroxylation of phenylalanine by the Fenton reaction and gamma-radiolysis yields 2-hydroxy-, 3-hydroxy-, and 4-hydroxyphenylalanine (tyrosine), while the hydroxylation of tyrosine results in 2,3- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa). Yields are determined as a function of pH and the presence or absence of oxidants. During gamma-radiolysis and the(More)
Products of the chemical hydroxylation of tryptophan by Fenton and Udenfriend reactions are similar to those obtained by ionizing radiation. When tryptophan is exposed to either of these systems, a mixture of four hydroxytryptophans, oxindole-3-alanine, and N-formylkynurenine is formed. This observation indicates that the hydroxyl radical attacks the(More)
We report the first published case (to our knowledge) of histopathologically documented acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cytomegalovirus (CMV) myelitis in which antiviral drug therapy was administered. Despite sensitivity of the patient's CMV isolate to therapy with both ganciclovir and foscarnet, use of neither of these agents halted progression(More)
To determine the significance of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pulmonary coinfection with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS, we examined the association of long- and short-term survival and morbidity (as defined by length of hospital stay) with recovery of CMV from bronchoscopy specimens and an indirect measure of virus titer in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(More)
Complexes of manganese, copper, cobalt, and iron with a variety of aminopolycarboxylates at concentrations from 2 X 10(-7) to 3 X 10(-6) M were tested for superoxide dismutase activity with horse ferricytochrome c as the competing reagent for superoxide. In the presence of excess ligand only manganous nitrilotriacetate and manganous ethylenediaminediacetate(More)
Complexes of vanadium(IV), vanadyl, are reported to be formed with the trihydroxamic acid deferoxamine (H3DF+). One complex exhibits a reddish-violet color, with a major absorbance peak at 386 nm and a smaller peak at 520 nm. This complex is potentially useful for the microdetermination of vanadyl. The apparent molar absorptivity is 3.91 mM-1 cm-1, and the(More)
The reaction between hydrogen peroxide and ferrous EDTA generates an oxidizing intermediate (I1) which is not the hydroxyl radical. It oxidizes ferrocytochrome c and also reacts with hydrogen peroxide (k5 = 3.2 X 10(3) M-1 S-1) to form a second oxidizing transient (I2). I1 is not scavenged by t-butyl alcohol whereas I2 is. I1 is found to be significantly(More)
Rate constants for the reactions of cumyl hydroperoxide and t-butyl hydroperoxide with ferrous complexes of ATP and citrate were measured at pH 7.4. These ligands are potential chelators of iron(II) in the low-molecular weight iron pool that may catalyze oxidative degradation of biomolecules. The second-order rate constants for the reduction of cumyl(More)