John Y. Kuwada

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Over the past few years, a number of studies have described the generation of transgenic lines of zebrafish in which expression of reporters was driven by a variety of promoters. These lines opened up the real possibility that transgenics could be used to complement the genetic analysis of zebrafish development. Transgenic lines in which the expression of(More)
Previous studies indicated that the developing fish spinal cord was a simple system containing a small number of distinguishable neuronal cell types (Eisen et al., Nature 320:269-271, '86; Kuwada, Science, 233:740-746, '86). To verify this we have characterized the cellular anatomy of the spinal cord of developing zebrafish in order to determine the number,(More)
We analyzed the pattern and development of the earliest tracts and followed pathfinding by the growth cones of an identified cluster of neurons in the brain of zebrafish embryos. Neurons were labeled with an antibody which labels many embryonic neurons, a lipophilic axonal tracer dye, and intracellular dye injections. The embryonic brain is extremely(More)
Chemokines play an important role in the migration of a variety of cells during development. Recent investigations have begun to elucidate the importance of chemokine signaling within the developing nervous system. To better appreciate the neural function of chemokines in vivo, the role of signaling by SDF-1 through its CXCR4 receptor was analyzed in(More)
The mechanisms underlying neuronal specification and axonogenesis in the vertebrate hindbrain are poorly understood. To address these questions, we have employed anatomical methods and mutational analysis to characterize the branchiomotor neurons in the zebrafish embryo. The zebrafish branchiomotor system is similar to those in the chick and mouse, except(More)
Netrins are secreted molecules that can attract or repel growth cones from a variety of organisms. In order to clarify the extent and scope of the effects of netrins for guiding growth cones, we have analyzed netrin-1a within the relatively simple and well-characterized nervous system of zebrafish embryos. netrin-1a is expressed in dynamic patterns that(More)
The semaphorin/collapsin gene family is a large and diverse family encoding both secreted and transmembrane proteins, some of which are thought to act as repulsive axon guidance molecules. However, the function of most semaphorins is still unknown. We have cloned and characterized several semaphorins in the zebrafish in order to assess their in vivo(More)
Myotubularin is a lipid phosphatase implicated in endosomal trafficking in vitro, but with an unknown function in vivo. Mutations in myotubularin cause myotubular myopathy, a devastating congenital myopathy with unclear pathogenesis and no current therapies. Myotubular myopathy was the first described of a growing list of conditions caused by mutations in(More)
We have analyzed pathfinding by growth cones in the spinal cord of the early zebrafish embryo, because it is an extremely simple system. At 18-20 hours of development the spinal cord contains approximately 18 lateral and presumably post-mitotic cell bodies per hemisegment. Of these 8-11 have projected growth cones by 18 hr of development and fall into five(More)
We examined the role of Sema3D, a semaphorin of previously unknown function, in guiding retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons to the optic tectum in the developing zebrafish. Sema3D is expressed more strongly in the ventral versus dorsal tectum, suggesting that it may participate in guiding RGC axons along the dorsoventral axis of the tectum. Ubiquitous(More)