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BACKGROUND Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors improve glycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes by enhancing urinary glucose excretion. We compared the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, with glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. METHODS We undertook this 52 week,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy/safety of canagliflozin, a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, compared with glimepiride over 104 weeks in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this randomized, double-blind study, patients (N = 1,450) received canagliflozin 100 or 300 mg or glimepiride(More)
OBJECTIVES Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, has been associated with weight loss in a broad range of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This analysis further evaluated changes in body weight and composition with canagliflozin in two 104-week, Phase 3 studies. METHODS In Study 1, patients aged 18-80 years (N =(More)
We have previously proposed a serotonergic hypothesis for cerebellar ataxia and mentioned that the levorotatory form of 5-hydroxytryptophan, a serotonin precursor, is partially active in subtypes of cerebellar ataxia, including cerebellar cortical atrophy (CCA). It has been demonstrated that 5-HT1A serotonergic receptors play an important role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the antiataxic effect of buspirone hydrochloride, a serotonergic 5-hydroxytryptamine1A (5-HT1A) agonist, in a homogenous group of patients characterized by the same well-defined single condition, cerebellar cortical atrophy. SETTING University ataxia research center. METHODS Double-blind randomized study of buspirone vs placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors lower blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by increasing urinary glucose excretion. This review provides a comprehensive summary of preclinical and clinical data on the effects of the SGLT2 inhibitor canagliflozin on mineral balance and bone. METHODS Published(More)
Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, reduces HbA1c, body weight and systolic BP (SBP) in patients with type 2 diabetes. As weight loss is known to reduce both HbA1c and SBP, these analyses were performed to evaluate the contribution of weight loss resulting from treatment with canagliflozin to HbA1c and SBP reductions in patients with(More)
Metformin is typically the first pharmacologic treatment recommended for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but many patients do not achieve glycemic control with metformin alone and eventually require combination therapy with other agents. Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, was assessed in a comprehensive Phase 3 clinical(More)
The incidence of renal-related adverse events (AEs) with canagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from a pooled population of patients in 7 active- and placebo-controlled trials (N = 5598) and in a 104-week study vs glimepiride (N = 1450) was low and similar in canagliflozin and non-canagliflozin groups. In the study vs glimepiride,(More)
PURPOSE This open-label study evaluated the safety and efficacy of epoetin alfa 60,000 U once weekly Initialsly followed by 60,000 U every 2 weeks in anemic patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients receiving weekly or every- 4-weeks chemotherapy regimens for nonmyeloid malignancy and with hemoglobin (Hb) level </= 11 g/dL(More)