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In search of antiinflammatory drugs with a new mechanism of action, U0126 was found to functionally antagonize AP-1 transcriptional activity via noncompetitive inhibition of the dual specificity kinase MEK with an IC50 of 0.07 microM for MEK 1 and 0.06 microM for MEK 2. U0126 can undergo isomerization and cyclization reactions to form a variety of products,(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is associated with increased expression levels and activity of tissue transglutaminase (TG2), an enzyme primarily known for its cross-linking of proteins. To validate TG2 as a therapeutic target for HD in transgenic models and for eventual clinical development, a selective and brain-permeable inhibitor is required. Here, a(More)
A series of substituted 2-(aminopyridyl)- and 2-(aminopyrimidinyl)thiazole-5-carboxamides was identified as potent Src/Abl kinase inhibitors with excellent antiproliferative activity against hematological and solid tumor cell lines. Compound 13 was orally active in a K562 xenograft model of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), demonstrating complete tumor(More)
We have identified a novel liver X receptor (LXR) agonist (2) that activates the LXRbeta subtype with selectivity over LXRalpha. LXRbeta selectivity was confirmed using macrophages derived from LXR mutant mice. Despite its selectivity and modest potency, the compound can induce APO-AI-dependent cholesterol efflux from macrophages with full efficacy. Our(More)
We report a series of irreversible transglutaminase 2 inhibitors starting from a known lysine dipeptide bearing an acrylamide warhead. We established new SARs resulting in compounds demonstrating improved potency and better physical and calculated properties. Transglutaminase selectivity profiling and in vitro ADME properties of selected compounds are also(More)
2-aminothiazole (1) was discovered as a novel Src family kinase inhibitor template through screening of our internal compound collection. Optimization through successive structure-activity relationship iterations identified analogs 2 (Dasatinib, BMS-354825) and 12m as pan-Src inhibitors with nanomolar to subnanomolar potencies in biochemical and cellular(More)
The discovery and characterization of 7k (BMS-582949), a highly selective p38α MAP kinase inhibitor that is currently in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, is described. A key to the discovery was the rational substitution of N-cyclopropyl for N-methoxy in 1a, a previously reported clinical candidate p38α inhibitor. Unlike(More)
A series of structurally novel benzothiazole based small molecule inhibitors of p56(lck) was prepared to elucidate their structure-activity relationships (SAR), selectivity and cell activity in the T-cell proliferation assay. BMS-350751 (2) and BMS-358233 (3) are identified as potent Lck inhibitors with excellent cellular activities against T-cell(More)
Tissue transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein primarily known for its calcium-dependent enzymatic protein cross-linking activity via isopeptide bond formation between glutamine and lysine residues. TG2 overexpression and activity have been found to be associated with Huntington's disease (HD); specifically, TG2 is up-regulated in the brains(More)
Using isoxazoline XR299 (1a) as a starting point for the design of highly potent, long-duration GPIIb/IIIa antagonists, the effect of placing lipophilic substituents at positions alpha and beta to the carboxylate moiety was evaluated. Of the compounds studied, it was found that the n-butyl carbamate 24u exhibited superior potency and duration of ex vivo(More)