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The purpose of the present research was to examine the influence of communication goals and physical demands on the expression of communicative (e.g., facial grimaces) and protective (e.g., guarding) pain behaviors. Participants with musculoskeletal conditions (N=50) were asked to lift a series of weights under two communication goal conditions. In one(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the ECG artifact on low-level trunk muscle activation amplitudes and assess the effectiveness of two methods used to remove the ECG. Simulations were performed and percent error in root mean square (RMS) amplitudes were calculated from uncontaminated and contaminated EMG signals at various ECG to EMG(More)
This study sought to determine the patterns of neuromuscular response from 24-trunk muscle sites during a symmetrical lift and replace task. Surface electromyograms (EMG) and kinematic variables were recorded from 29 healthy subjects. Pattern recognition techniques were used to examine how activation amplitude patterns changed with the different physical(More)
The impact attenuating characteristics of a sample of 81 football helmets used in competitive high school programs were determined using a Hodgson-Wayne State University (WSU) headform and a modified National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE) test protocol. The helmets, classified by liner type as suspension (37),(More)
It is assumed when lifting with the dominant hand that the relationship between contralateral and ipsilateral trunk muscle responses are similar to when lifting with the non-dominant hand. The purpose of this study was to quantify trunk muscle activation amplitude patterns during right- and left-handed lifts. Surface electromyography (EMG) and kinematic(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of static stretching exercises and stationary cycling on hip range of motion measures immediately following exercise and after a 15-min period of rest or continued activity. The results showed that both exercises performed for equal time periods resulted in hip range of motion increases with no(More)
Flexor and extensor muscle-tendon unit activity at the elbow during the golf swing was recorded from subjects with and without medial epicondylitis. There was no significant difference in total swing time between symptomatic (1.23 +/- 0.15 sec) and asymptomatic (1.15 +/- 0.13 sec) subjects nor between golfers with low (1 to 6 handicap, N = 8) and high (11(More)
Structural anthropometric measurements for males and females were determined for the wheelchair mobile adults. A photogrammetry methodology was used to obtain the measurements. The various subject demographics including age, level or type of dysfunction as well as the specified anthropometric dimensions of the wheelchair mobile subjects were identified. The(More)
In brief: The authors compared the effects of immobilization, early motion, and electrical stimulation on injured tendons in dogs and found that the healed tendons that had had electrical implants were much stronger. Therefore, they have dramatically altered their rehabilitation program for ligament and tendon repair. They implant electrical stimulators(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of abdominal hollowing (AH) on trunk muscle activation and lumbar-pelvic motion during a controlled lift and replace task. Surface electromyograms were recorded from five abdominal and two back muscle sites. Sagittal lumbar-pelvic motion was recorded by video. Subjects lifted a 3.8 kg load in normal,(More)