John William Appel

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We report the first detection of the gravitational lensing of the cosmic microwave background through a measurement of the four-point correlation function in the temperature maps made by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. We verify our detection by calculating the levels of potential contaminants and performing a number of null tests. The resulting(More)
We evaluate the modulation of cosmic microwave background polarization using a rapidly rotating, half-wave plate (HWP) on the Atacama B-Mode Search. After demodulating the time-ordered-data (TOD), we find a significant reduction of atmospheric fluctuations. The demodulated TOD is stable on time scales of 500-1000 s, corresponding to frequencies of 1-2 mHz.(More)
We present an evaluation of systematic effects associated with a continuously rotating, ambient-temperature half-wave plate (HWP) based on two seasons of data from the Atacama B-Mode Search (ABS) experiment located in the Atacama Desert of Chile. The ABS experiment is a microwave telescope sensitive at 145 GHz. Here we present our in-field evaluation of(More)
For the first time, measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) alone favor cosmologies with w = -1 dark energy over models without dark energy at a 3.2-sigma level. We demonstrate this by combining the CMB lensing deflection power spectrum from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope with temperature and polarization power spectra from the(More)
The Atacama Cosmology Telescope is a six meter, off-axis Gregorian telescope for measuring the cosmic microwave background at arcminute resolutions. The Millimeter Bolometer Array Camera (MBAC) is its current science instrument. Erected in the Atacama Desert of Chile in early 2007, it saw first light with the MBAC on 22 October 2007. In this paper we review(More)
We present data characterizing the optical properties of feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeters useful for future CMB measurements. In this detector architecture, TES bolometers are coupled to radiation through superconducting microstrip to a planar ortho-mode transducer inserted into waveguide. Filters in the microstrip define the pass bands for the detectors.(More)
We are developing feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeters to measure the polarization anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. These devices will be deployed in arrays of hundreds to thousands and will be measured using multiplexed SQUID readout electronics. Since multiplexed devices share common circuitry, a high degree of uniformity is(More)
The Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) is designed to measure temperature anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at arcminute resolution. It is the first CMB experiment to employ a 32x32 closepacked array of free-space-coupled transition-edge superconducting bolometers. We describe the organization of the telescope systems and software for(More)