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and panel participants at the 2002 meetings of the Midwest Political Science Association for many helpful suggestions. Abstract I explore a behavioral model of political participation, first introduced by Quat-trone and Tversky (1988), based on the primitives of prospect theory, as defined by Kahneman and Tversky (1979). The implications of the model… (More)
In this paper we extend the well known " agreeing-to-disagree " and " no-trade " results from economics and game theory to international relations. We show that two rational countries should never agree to go to war when war is inefficient and when rationality is common knowledge. We argue that this result might provide one possible explanation for the… (More)
for their help gathering and coding much of the data used in this study. We appreciate comments and suggestions from Eric Heberlig, Susan Yackee and seminar participants at the Universities of Iowa and Michigan.
This paper describes a theory of political participation based on loss aversion and derives its predictions for midterm Congressional elections. In addition, the paper discusses the five most prominent explanations for the midterm effect, an empirical regularity of US Congressional elections in which the president's party tends to perform poorly. 1 The Loss… (More)