John Wellard

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Ependymal cells form a single-layered, ciliated epithelium at the interface between the cerebrospinal fluid and the brain parenchyma. Although their morphology has been studied in detail, ependymal functions remain largely speculative. We have established and characterized a previously described cell culture model to investigate ependymal glycogen(More)
Ependymal cells have been reported to express the facilitative glucose carriers GLUT1, GLUT2, and GLUT4, as well as glucokinase. They are therefore speculated to be part of the cerebral glucose sensing system and may also respond to insulin with alterations in their glucose uptake rate. A cell culture model was employed to study the functional status of(More)
Serotonin uptake and metabolism was studied in ependymal primary cultures. Serotonin uptake was facilitated by two different systems, one of which was the neuronal serotonin transporter SERT, exhibiting a Vmax value of 3.8+/-0.1 pmol x min(-1) x (mg protein)(-1) and an apparent Michaelis-Menten constant of 0.41+/-0.03 microM. The main product of metabolism(More)
Ependymal primary cultures are a model for studying ependymal energy metabolism. Intracellular glycogen is built up in the cultures dependent on culture age and the presence of glucose and glutamate. This energy store is mobilized upon glucose withdrawal, stimulation with isoproterenol, forskolin or serotonin and after uncoupling of oxidative(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide-(1-28) (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide-(1-32) (BNP) and C-Type natriuretic polypeptide (CNP) occur in the brain, are concentrated in the anteroventral area of the third cerebral ventricle and participate in the regulation of body fluid homeostasis. The ventricles of the mammalian brain are lined by a continuous monolayered(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of atrial natriuretic peptides on primary cultures of ependymal cells, as measured by changes in intracellular levels of cyclic GMP. Incubation of ependymal cells with rat atrial natriuretic peptide-(1-28) (rANP) elicited a 30-fold increase in ependymal cGMP content within 1 min and more than a 100-fold(More)
A sensitive enzyme-linked, indirect immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the determination of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) in glial cells is described. The assay uses an antiserum produced against succinylated cGMP and is based on the competition between endogenous cGMP and a fixed amount of immobilized antigen. The antibody exhibited a high(More)
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