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The impact of soil particle size and bioaccessibility on children and adult lead (Pb) exposure via the incidental soil ingestion pathway was assessed in 16 peri-urban contaminated soils. A comparison of Pb distribution across 4 particle size fractions (<50 μm, <100 μm, <250 μm and <2 mm) found increasing Pb concentrations associated with decreasing particle(More)
In this study, As-contaminated soils (n=12) were assessed for As bioaccessibility using the Unified Bioaccessibility Research Group of Europe in vitro method (UBM) incorporating gastric, saliva-gastric or saliva-gastric-intestinal phases. Arsenic bioaccessibility was compared to previous published As relative bioavailability data for these soils to(More)
In this study, PAH bioavailability was assessed in creosote-contaminated soil following bioremediation in order to determine potential human health exposure to residual PAHs from incidental soil ingestion. Following 1,000 days of enhanced natural attenuation (ENA), a residual PAH concentration of 871 ± 8 mg kg(-1) (∑16 USEPA priority PAHs in the <250 μm(More)
In this study, DDTr (DDTr = DDT + DDD + DDE) relative bioavailability in historically contaminated soils (n = 7) was assessed using an in vivo mouse model. Soils or reference materials were administered to mice daily over a 7 day exposure period with bioavailability determined using DDTr accumulation in adipose, kidney, or liver tissues. Depending on the(More)
BACKGROUND Millions of people worldwide consume arsenic-contaminated rice; however, little is known about the uptake and bioavailability of arsenic species after arsenic-contaminated rice ingestion. OBJECTIVES In this study, we assessed arsenic speciation in greenhouse-grown and supermarket-bought rice, and determined arsenic bioavailability in cooked(More)
The accumulation of arsenic (As) by vegetables is a potential human exposure pathway. The speciation of As in vegetables is an important consideration due to the varying toxicity of different As species. In this study, common Australian garden vegetables were hydroponically grown with As-contaminated irrigation water to determine the uptake and species of(More)
Lead (Pb) bioaccessibility was assessed using 2 in vitro methods in 12 Pb-contaminated soils and compared to relative Pb bioavailability using an in vivo mouse model. In vitro Pb bioaccessibility, determined using the intestinal phase of the Solubility Bioaccessibility Research Consortium (SBRC) assay, strongly correlated with in vivo relative Pb(More)
Arsenic (As) bioaccessibility in contaminated soils (n=50) was assessed using the simplified bioaccessibility extraction test (SBET). Soils used in the study were collected from sites where As was used as an herbicide (railway corridor) or pesticide (cattle dip sites), from former gold mines and from highly mineralised locations containing geogenic As(More)
In this study, a number of slurry-phase strategies were trialled over a 42 day period in order to determine the efficacy of bioremediation for long-term hydrocarbon-contaminated soil (145 g kg−1 C10–C40). The addition of activated sludge and nutrients to slurries (bioaugmentation) resulted in enhanced hydrocarbon removal (51.6 ± 8.5 %) compared to(More)
The accumulation of arsenic (As) by rice (Oryza sativa L.) is of great interest considering the dietary intake of rice is potentially a major As exposure pathway in countries where rice is irrigated with As contaminated groundwater. A small scale rice paddy experiment was conducted to evaluate the uptake of As by rice. Arsenic concentrations in rice tissue(More)