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Psychological stress and traumatic brain injury (TBI) can both result in lasting neurobehavioral abnormalities. Post-traumatic stress disorder and blast induced TBI (bTBI) have become the most significant health issues in current military conflicts. Importantly, military bTBI virtually never occurs without stress. In this experiment, we assessed anxiety and(More)
We report the discovery of a group of highly conserved DNA sequences located, in those cases studied, within intergenic regions of the chromosome of the Gram positive Streptococcus pneumoniae. The S. pneumoniae genome contains about 25 of these elements called BOX. From 5' to 3', BOX elements are composed of three subunits (boxA, boxB, and boxC) which are(More)
Antibody based, high throughput proteomics technology represents an exciting new approach in understanding the pathobiologies of complex disorders such as cancer, stroke and traumatic brain injury. Reverse phase protein microarray (RPPA) can complement the classical methods based on mass spectrometry as a high throughput validation and quantification(More)
This article explores two hypotheses about how voters encounter information during campaigns. According to the anticipated agreement hypothesis, people prefer to hear about candidates with whom they expect to agree. The ''issue publics'' hypothesis posits that voters choose to encounter information on issues they consider most important personally. We(More)
Neuronal and glial proteins detected in the peripheral circulating blood after injury can reflect the extent of the damage caused by blast traumatic brain injury (bTBI). The temporal pattern of their serum levels can further predict the severity and outcome of the injury. As part of characterizing a large-animal model of bTBI, we determined the changes in(More)
The subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle is the major site of neurogenesis in the adult brain. Neuroblasts that are born in the SVZ migrate as chains along the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the olfactory bulb. Little is known about the mechanisms that control interactions between neuroblasts during their migration. Here we show that(More)
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is one of the most common neuronal insults and can lead to long-term disabilities. mTBI occurs when the head is exposed to a rapid acceleration-deceleration movement triggering axonal injuries. Our limited understanding of the underlying pathological changes makes it difficult to predict the outcome of mTBI. In this study(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is activated in response to fluctuations in cellular energy status caused by oxidative stress. One of its targets is the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), which is the predominant Cl- secretory channel in colonic tissue. The aim of this study was to determine the role of AMPK in the modulation of(More)