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The vertebrate neural crest arises at the border of the neural plate during early stages of nervous system development; however, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying neural crest formation. Here we identify a secreted protein, Noelin-1, which has the ability to prolong neural crest production. Noelin-1 messenger RNA is expressed in a(More)
Cranial sensory ganglia in vertebrates develop from the ectodermal placodes, the neural crest, or both. Although much is known about the neural crest contribution to cranial ganglia, relatively little is known about how placode cells form, invaginate and migrate to their targets. Here, we identify Pax-3 as a molecular marker for placode cells that(More)
After unilateral ablation of the avian cranial neural folds, the remaining neuroepithelial cells are able to replace the missing neural crest population (Scherson et al., 1993). Here, we characterize the cellular and molecular nature of this regulative response by defining: (1) the time and location of neural crest cell production by the neuroepithelium;(More)
The proposed pathways of chick cranial neural crest migration and their relationship to the rhombomeres of the hindbrain have been somewhat controversial, with differing results emerging from grafting and DiI-labelling analyses. To resolve this discrepancy, we have examined cranial neural crest migratory pathways using the combination of neurofilament(More)
Neural crest cell migration in the hindbrain is segmental, with prominent streams of migrating cells adjacent to rhombomeres (r) r2, r4 and r6, but not r3 or r5. This migratory pattern cannot be explained by the failure of r3 and r5 to produce neural crest, since focal injections of the lipophilic dye, DiI, into the neural folds clearly demonstrate that all(More)
Hindbrain neural crest cells adjacent to rhombomeres 2 (r2), r4 and r6 migrate in a segmental pattern, toward the first, second and third branchial arches, respectively. Although all rhombomeres generate neural crest cells, those arising from r3 and r5 deviate rostrally and caudally (J. Sechrist, G. Serbedzija, T. Scherson, S. Fraser and M. Bronner-Fraser(More)
The chick ciliary ganglion is a neural crest-derived parasympathetic ganglion that innervates the eye. Here, we examine its axial level of origin and developmental relationship to other ganglia and nerves of the head. Using small, focal injections of DiI, we show that neural crest cells arising from both the caudal half of the midbrain and the rostral(More)
The largest of the cranial ganglia, the trigeminal ganglion, relays cutaneous sensations of the head to the central nervous system. Its sensory neurons have a dual origin from both ectodermal placodes and neural crest. Here, we show that the birth of neurons derived from the chick ophthalmic trigeminal placode begins prior to their ingression (HH11), as(More)
Early stages in chick neurogenesis were investigated with tritiated thymidine (3H-Tdr) autoradioraphy to determine the location and identity of the first neurons produced for the central nervous system. These cells have been shown to arise prior to neural tube closure (Sechrist, '75). Chicks were treated at selected intervals between 20 and 72 hours of(More)