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The warning on tobacco advertisements was required by the federal government, presumably as a health message to educate the public about the risks associated with tobacco use. Despite its potential public health role, there have been few published studies on the effectiveness of these warnings as a health message. The present study used well-accepted market(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the influence of advertising on very young children. We, therefore, measured product logo recognition by subjects aged 3 to 6 years. DESIGN Children were instructed to match logos with one of 12 products pictured on a game board. Twenty-two logos were tested, including those representing children's products, adult products,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if RJR Nabisco's cartoon-theme advertising is more effective in promoting Camel cigarettes to children or to adults. To determine if children see, remember, and are influenced by cigarette advertising. DESIGN Use of four standard marketing measures to compare the effects of Camel's Old Joe cartoon advertising on children and(More)
Pharmaceutical price increases and greater coverage of outpatient prescription medications have stimulated interest in containing drug benefit-program costs. While mail pharmacy services (MPS) may achieve savings through volume purchasing, high usage of generic drugs, and dispensing larger quantities of medication per prescription, efforts are also underway(More)
We report the results of a study examining the level of advertisement recognition and tobacco experimentation in a group of U.S. high school students. Students who smoked as few as one cigarette per week were found to identify a preferred cigarette brand. One brand of cigarettes accounted for 76% of all preferred brands. A dose-response relationship was(More)
The major American tobacco companies developed and agreed to abide by the Cigarette Advertising Code in 1964. The stated aims of the code were to prohibit advertising directed at young people, to prohibit advertising that used fraudulent health claims, and to assure compliance with the code's provisions through the establishment of an administrative arm and(More)
A delta 5-3-ketosteroid isomerase (EC 5.3.3.1) has been isolated from Pseudomonas putida Biotype B and purified to homogeneity. This previously undescribed steroid isomerase resembles that isolated from Pseudomonas testosteroni (Talalay, P., and Wang, V.S. (1955) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 18, 300-301). The enzyme is induced by various steroids, has a subunit(More)