Learn More
Multiple methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clones carrying type IV staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec were identified in the community-acquired MRSA strains of both the United States and Australia. They multiplied much faster than health-care-associated MRSA and were resistant to fewer non-beta-lactam antibiotics. They seem to have been(More)
Western Australia (WA) has been able to prevent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains from outside of the state from becoming established in its hospitals. Recently, a single-strain outbreak of MRSA occurred in a WA metropolitan teaching hospital following admission of an infected patient from a remote community. The strain responsible(More)
Antibiotics can be used as an adjunct to endodontic treatment in a number of ways--locally, systemically and prophylactically. The local or intra-canal use of antibiotics in the form of medicaments is common. However, the commercially available agents for this purpose may not be the ideal mixtures. Systemic antibiotics should be restricted to patients who(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) obtained from patients who had not been hospitalized outside Western Australia (WA) were studied for antimicrobial resistance and plasmid content and by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. They were found to be of several types, none of which appeared to be related to MRSA which have been previously studied.(More)
An open, prospective, randomised, comparative study of "Trisdine" and kanamycin-colistin bladder instillations in reducing significant bacteriuria during intermittent urethral catheterisation was conducted. Trisdine is an aqueous solution of chlorhexidine gluconate 0.01% with added ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid disodium salt and TRIS buffer at final(More)
PURPOSE To examine if changes in the diagnosis and management of postoperative endophthalmitis have occurred since 1995, and to identify factors that might predict final visual outcome. DESIGN Retrospective, population-based, noncomparative, consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS Patients with clinically diagnosed endophthalmitis after cataract surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Western Australia. DESIGN Retrospective review of statutory notification data. SETTING Western Australia (WA), 1993. OUTCOME MEASURES Notification rates, antibiotic resistance patterns and classification of isolates as imported or WA MRSA strains on the basis(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a notable cause of hospital-acquired infections. A statewide screening and control policy was implemented in Western Australia (WA) after an outbreak of epidemic MRSA in a Perth hospital in 1982. We report on statutory notifications from 1998 to 2002 and review the 20-year period from 1983(More)
99 spinal cord injured patients who were initially managed by intermittent catheterisation have been followed up for an average of 36 months (6 to 81 months) since their discharge from hospital. The urological results in this group of patients have been compared with those of 2 series in which indwelling catheters were used in the initial period. It appears(More)
The first hospital outbreak of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) in Western Australia (WA) started in the Royal Perth Hospital in July 2001 and initially involved the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and the Nephrology and Dialysis Units. The outbreak was caused by vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) of the vanB genotype. Pulsed-field gel(More)