John W . Newcomer

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Several decades of research attempting to explain schizophrenia in terms of the dopamine hyperactivity hypothesis have produced disappointing results. A new hypothesis focusing on hypofunction of the NMDA glutamate transmitter system is emerging as a potentially more promising concept. In this article, we present a version of the NMDA receptor hypofunction(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor antagonists are reported to induce schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans, including cognitive impairments. Shortcomings of most previous investigations include failure to maintain steady-state infusion conditions, test multiple doses and/or measure antagonist plasma concentrations. This double-blind,(More)
Increasing numbers of reports concerning diabetes, ketoacidosis, hyperglycaemia and lipid dysregulation in patients treated with second-generation (or atypical) antipsychotics have raised concerns about a possible association between these metabolic effects and treatment with these medications. This comprehensive literature review considers the evidence for(More)
The lifespan of people with severe mental illness (SMI) is shorter compared to the general population. This excess mortality is mainly due to physical illness. We report prevalence rates of different physical illnesses as well as important individual lifestyle choices, side effects of psychotropic treatment and disparities in health care access, utilization(More)
BACKGROUND Glucocorticoids (GCs) can regulate hippocampal metabolism, physiologic functions, and memory. Despite evidence of memory decreases during pharmacological GC treatment, and correlations between memory and cortisol levels in certain disease conditions, it remains unclear whether exposure to the endogenous GC cortisol at levels seen during physical(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus are more common in schizophrenia than in the general population. Glucoregulatory abnormalities have also been associated with the use of antipsychotic medications themselves. While antipsychotics may increase adiposity, which can decrease insulin sensitivity, disease- and medication-related differences(More)
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE (CVD), INCLUDING COROnary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and peripheral vascular disease, is the leading cause of death in the United States and most developed Western countries, and will remain so during the 21st century. In 2004, CVD was listed as the underlying cause of death in 871 517 of all 2 398 000 deaths (36.3%), or 1 of every(More)
Physical disorders are, compared to the general population, more prevalent in people with severe mental illness (SMI). Although this excess morbidity and mortality is largely due to modifiable lifestyle risk factors, the screening and assessment of physical health aspects remains poor, even in developed countries. Moreover, specific patient, provider,(More)
Individuals with serious mental illness experience excess morbidity and mortality, including an increased prevalence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in persons with serious mental illness, and the elevated prevalence of obesity in this population is of particular concern. Obesity is an(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased risk of diabetes and dyslipidemia is associated with major mental illness and antipsychotic drug use. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of serum glucose and lipid monitoring in public mental health clients initiating second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) drugs. METHOD This retrospective cohort study using Medicaid claims(More)