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Human cortical activity has been intensively examined at frequencies ranging from 0.5 Hz to several hundred Hz. Recent studies have, however, reported also infraslow fluctuations in neuronal population activity, magnitude of electroencephalographic oscillations, discrete sleep events, as well as in the occurrence of interictal events. Here we use direct(More)
In the first large study of its kind, we quantified changes in electrocorticographic signals associated with motor movement across 22 subjects with subdural electrode arrays placed for identification of seizure foci. Patients underwent a 5-7 d monitoring period with array placement, before seizure focus resection, and during this time they participated in(More)
OBJECTIVE Based upon Damasio's "convergence zone" model of semantic memory, we predicted that epilepsy surgical patients with anterior temporal lobe (TL) seizure onset would exhibit a pattern of category-specific naming and recognition deficits not observed in patients with seizures arising elsewhere. METHODS We assessed epilepsy patients with unilateral(More)
We recently described an in vivo model of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) in the rat where chronic spontaneous recurrent seizures appear following a single episode of fluid percussion injury (FPI). PTE, studied during the first 2 months post-injury, was focal and seizures originated predominantly from the frontal-parietal neocortex at or around the injury(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether hemodynamic changes in human brain generate scalp-EEG responses. METHODS Direct current EEG (DC-EEG) was recorded from 12 subjects during 5 non-invasive manipulations that affect intracranial hemodynamics by different mechanisms: bilateral jugular vein compression (JVC), head-up tilt (HUT), head-down tilt (HDT), Valsalva(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) experience significant deficits in category-related object recognition and naming following standard surgical approaches. These deficits may result from a decoupling of core processing modules (e.g., language, visual processing, and semantic memory), due to "collateral damage" to temporal regions outside(More)
Ion channelopathy plays an important role in human epilepsy with a genetic cause and has been hypothesized to occur in epilepsy after acquired insults to the CNS as well. Acquired alterations of ion channel function occur after induction of status epilepticus (SE) in animal models of epilepsy, but it is unclear how they correlate with the onset of(More)
BACKGROUND This study tested the idea that very slow EEG responses (direct current [DC] potential shifts) could be detected noninvasively during temporal lobe (TL) seizures, and that these shifts give lateralizing information consistent with that obtained by other methods. METHODS Seven patients with TL epilepsy (TLE) were recorded with scalp DC-EEG(More)
New bedside long-term DC-coupled EEG techniques have demonstrated that infraslow (<0.5 Hz) activity lateralizes temporal lobe seizures (Vanhatalo, S., Holmes, M.D., Tallgren, P., Voipio, J., Kaila, K., Miller, J.W., 2003a. Very slow EEG responses indicate the laterality of temporal lobe seizures: a DC-EEG study. Neurology 60, 1098-1104). However, even high(More)