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Both nymphal and adult stages of several species of spittlebugs (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) are key economic pests of brachiariagrasses (Brachiaria spp.) in tropical America. Progress has been made in the characterization and development of antibiosis resistance to nymphs in brachiariagrasses. Essentially no attention has been given to screening germplasm for(More)
Several genera and species of spittlebugs (Homoptera: Cercopidae) are economic pests of Brachiaria spp. grasses in tropical America. To support current breeding programs aimed at obtaining multiple spittlebug resistance, we undertook a series of studies on antibiosis and tolerance as possible mechanisms of resistance to five major spittlebug species(More)
The response of one susceptible and three resistant Brachiaria spp. (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) genotypes to individual or combined attacks by nymphs of Aeneolamia varia (F.), Aeneolamia reducta (Lallemand), Zulia carbonaria (Lallemand), and Zulia pubescens (F.) was studied. We assessed the effect of infesting plants of the susceptible check BRX 44-02 and of(More)
Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function were recorded on 4549 Queensland schoolchildren. Previously parents of 67 children on two occasions showed that key questions on wheezy breathing and productive cough were reliable, with agreement of responses in 97% and 91% of subjects. These two questions divided the children into four main groups: Group A,(More)
Abate is a larvicide for Aedes aegypti, a vector of yellow fever, dengue, and haemorrhagic fever. It is less toxic than malathion or DDT. Tests in human volunteers had previously indicated it would be safe to add to drinking-water where the mosquito often breeds.In a 19-month test in Puerto Rico, Abate was added to the drums and cisterns in which a(More)
During a malaria eradication programme in Pakistan in 1976, out of 7,500 spraymen, 2,800 became poisoned and 5 died. The major determinant of this poisoning has been identified as isomalathion present as an impurity in the malathion. It seems almost certain that the isomalathion was produced during storage of the formulated malathion. The quantitative(More)
In 1976, epidemic organophosphate insecticide poisoning due to malathion occurred among 7500 field workers in the Pakistan malaria control programme. In July, the peak month of the epidemic, it is estimated that there were about 2800 cases. In field studies low red-cell cholinesterase activities were associated with the signs and symptoms of organophosphate(More)
Using a placebo-control single-blind crossover trial, we investigated the effects of dust control measures alone and combined with electrostatic and high efficiency particulate air filters in the bedrooms of patients with asthma. Of 12 young asthmatics allergic to house dust and dust mite who entered the trial, nine completed all four 2-week intervals. No(More)
BACKGROUND Plants depend on their root systems to acquire the water and nutrients necessary for their survival in nature, and for their yield and nutritional quality in agriculture. Root systems are complex and a variety of root phenes have been identified as contributors to adaptation to soils with low fertility and aluminium (Al) toxicity. Phenotypic(More)