John W. M. Creemers

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Human spinal dura and arachnoid, obtained during neurosurgical operations, were studied by transmission electron microscopy. The ultrastructure of spinal meninges largely conformed to the morphology of the cranial meninges, but some minor differences were detected. The dura was composed of an outermost loosely arranged fibroelastic layer, a middle basically(More)
The beta-amyloid precursor protein (betaAPP) undergoes a physiological cleavage triggered by one or several proteolytic activities referred to as alpha-secretases, leading to the secretion of sAPPalpha. Several lines of evidence indicate that the alpha-secretase cleavage is a highly regulated process. Thus, besides constitutive production of sAPPalpha,(More)
Autism is a developmental disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication and restricted repetitive and stereotyped behavior. It is generally assumed that in most cases autism has a polygenic cause, but the pathogenesis is still unknown. Neurobeachin (NBEA) has recently been identified as a candidate(More)
Lefty/Ebaf polypeptides, novel members of the TGF-beta superfamily, are involved in endometrial differentiation and embryo implantation. Recently, we showed that, during undisturbed estrous cycle, lefty is present in mouse uterine horn primarily in a precursor form. Here, we show that decidual differentiation of endometrial stroma leads to increased lefty(More)
Glypican (GPC)-3 inhibits cell proliferation and regulates cell survival during development. This action is demonstrated by GPC3 loss-of-function mutations in humans and mice. Here, we show that the GPC3 core protein is processed by a furinlike convertase. This processing is essential for GPC3 modulating Wnt signaling and cell survival in vitro and for(More)
Furin is one of seven proprotein convertase family members that promote proteolytic maturation of proproteins. It is induced in activated T cells and is reported to process a variety of substrates including the anti-inflammatory cytokine transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 (refs 2-4), but the non-redundant functions of furin versus other proprotein(More)
The proprotein convertases (PCs) are a seven-member family of endoproteases that activate proproteins by cleavage at basic motifs. Expression patterns for individual PCs vary widely, and all cells express several members. The list of substrates activated by PCs has grown to include neuropeptides, peptide hormones, growth and differentiation factors,(More)
Deletion of the Prolyl Endopeptidase-like (PREPL) gene has been described in three contiguous gene deletion syndromes at the 2p21 locus and current developments in high resolution microarrays and whole genome sequencing will no doubt soon result in the identification of isolated PREPL deficiency. But by comparing the differences in phenotypes with the(More)
The periodontal ligament was examined by light microscopy at 3 different levels (apical, intermediate, coronal) on the 4 root sides of 43 extracted teeth. Epithelial rests were localised and serial LM and EM sections showed a close apposition (up to 0.03 microns) between Ruffini-like and free nerve endings and the basal lamina of the epithelial cell rests.(More)
Agouti-related protein (AGRP) plays a key role in energy homeostasis. The carboxyl-terminal domain of AGRP acts as an endogenous antagonist of the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R). It has been suggested that the amino-terminal domain of AGRP binds to syndecan-3, thereby modulating the effects of carboxyl-terminal AGRP at the MC4-R. This model assumes that(More)