John W. Lynn

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Evidence indicates that failure of nuclear transfer (NT) embryos to develop normally can be attributed, at least partially, to the use of a differentiated cell nucleus as the donor karyoplast. It has been hypothesized that blastocyst production and development to term of cloned embryos may differ between population doublings (PDs) of the same cell line as a(More)
Few studies have characterized donor cell lines in terms of proliferative capacity and chromosomal stability. Abnormal phosphorylation patterns of the histones during metaphase could lead to abnormal chromosome segregation and extensive chromosome loss during mitosis. Suboptimal culture conditions may lead to abnormal histone H3 phosphorylation patterns,(More)
Chronic elevation of uterine temperature has long been known to increase embryo mortality in dairy cattle. Short-term elevation in temperature of mouse embryos to 43 degrees C (acute) has been shown to induce intracellular production of heat-shock proteins. In this study, in vitro development of bovine embryos was assessed during short-term (60 h) coculture(More)
Eggs isolated from animals spawned with 10(-3) M serotonin were inseminated with sperm concentrations ranging from 10(3)-10(6) sperm/ml. Multiple sperm attached to the surface of the egg and sperm incorporation occurred within 3 min postinsemination (PI). Sperm mitochondria, centrioles, and flagellum were also incorporated. Incorporation was essentially(More)
The present study examined the role of the cytoskeleton in sperm entry and migration through the egg cytoplasm during fertilization in the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha (Bivalvia: Veneroida: Dreissenidae). Fertilization in this freshwater bivalve occurs outside the mantle cavity, permitting detailed observations of fertilization. After its initial(More)
Toxicity studies on sperm often use fertilization success as the end point. This type of assay can be affected by sperm density, egg quality, and sperm-egg compatibility. Testing sperm viability biomarkers with flow cytometry is a fast, high-throughput technique for seminal analysis. In this study, we detected sperm viability biomarkers with several(More)
A hyperosmotic solution of mannitol or glucose (100 mM) in pond water caused an increase in paracellular solute movement between the bathing medium and body fluids of Dreissena polymorpha. Small molecules (< 5,000 Da) in the bath entered the mussel, and 80-85% of the sodium and chloride in the blood was lost within 12 h. Blood total solute was elevated(More)
Evidence indicates that failure of nuclear transfer (NT) embryos to develop normally can be attributed, at least partially, to the use of differentiated cells as the donor karyoplast. Blastocyst production and development to term of cloned embryos has been hypothesized to differ between population doublings of the same cell line as a consequence of changes(More)
The aberrant expression of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in cloned embryos has been implicated as a possible factor in the improper donor genome reprogramming during nuclear transfer. DNMT1 is responsible for maintaining DNA methylation and the subsequent differentiation status of somatic cells. The presence of DNMT1 transcript in the donor cell may(More)