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We have examined the trafficking and metabolism of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), an APP homolog (APLP1), and TrkB in neurons that lack PS1. We report that PS1-deficient neurons fail to secrete Abeta, and that the rate of appearance of soluble APP derivatives in the conditioned medium is increased. Remarkably, carboxyl-terminal fragments (CTFs)(More)
The p3 peptide [amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) 17-40/42], derived by alpha- and gamma-secretase cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is a major constituent of diffuse plaques in Alzheimer's disease and cerebellar pre-amyloid in Down's syndrome. However, the importance of p3 peptide accumulation in Alzheimer's disease and its toxic properties is(More)
Overexpression of the familial Alzheimer's disease gene Presenilin 2 (PS2) in nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells increased apoptosis induced by trophic factor withdrawal or beta-amyloid. Transfection of antisense PS2 conferred protection against apoptosis induced by trophic withdrawal in nerve growth factor-differentiated or amyloid precursor(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptor plays important roles in neuronal development, plasticity, and cell death. NMDA receptor subunit 1 (NR1) is an essential subunit of the NMDA receptor and is developmentally expressed in postnatal neurons of the central nervous system. Here we identify on the NR1 promoter a binding site for(More)
The accumulation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) is believed to be an early and critical event leading to synapse and neuronal cell loss in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Abeta itself is toxic to neurons in vitro and the load of Abeta in vivo causes the loss of synapses and neurons in brain in animal models. Therefore, there has been considerable interest in(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptor plays important roles in synaptic plasticity, the induction of long term potentiation, and excitotoxicity. Mechanisms governing the regulation of expression of its subunit genes remain largely unknown. The promoter of the essential subunit of the NMDA receptor heteromer, NMDAR1, contains DNA(More)
The expression and secretion of amyloid precursor protein (beta APP) is increased in rat cerebral cortices that have been denervated by subcortical lesions of the nucleus basalis of Meynert. The physiological role of the secreted beta APP in response to this injury has not been established. We have previously shown that secreted beta APP produced by(More)
Excessive accumulation of amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) plays an early and critical role in synapse and neuronal loss in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Increased oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms whereby Abeta induces neuronal death. Given the lessened susceptibility to oxidative stress exhibited by mice lacking p66Shc, we investigated the role of p66Shc(More)
In the present study we demonstrate low level expression of the laminin alpha 2 chain in brain and localize the alpha 2 protein to the capillary basement membrane. While in peripheral basement membranes the laminin alpha 1 and alpha 2 chains have an almost mutually exclusive distribution, the present results suggest both alpha 1 and alpha 2 in the cerebral(More)
We used adenoviral-mediated gene transfer of human amyloid precursor proteins (h-APPs) to evaluate the role of various h-APPs in causing neuronal cell death. We were able to infect PC12 cells with very high efficiency because approximately 90% of the cells were cytochemically positive for beta-galactosidase activity when an adenoviral vector containing LacZ(More)