John W. Kusiak

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We have examined the trafficking and metabolism of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), an APP homolog (APLP1), and TrkB in neurons that lack PS1. We report that PS1-deficient neurons fail to secrete Abeta, and that the rate of appearance of soluble APP derivatives in the conditioned medium is increased. Remarkably, carboxyl-terminal fragments (CTFs)(More)
Overexpression of the familial Alzheimer's disease gene Presenilin 2 (PS2) in nerve growth factor-differentiated PC12 cells increased apoptosis induced by trophic factor withdrawal or beta-amyloid. Transfection of antisense PS2 conferred protection against apoptosis induced by trophic withdrawal in nerve growth factor-differentiated or amyloid precursor(More)
Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is implicated as the toxic agent in Alzheimer's disease and is the major component of brain amyloid plaques. In vitro, Abeta causes cell death, but the molecular mechanisms are unclear. We analyzed the early signaling mechanisms involved in Abeta toxicity using the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line. Abeta caused cell death and(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptor plays important roles in neuronal development, plasticity, and cell death. NMDA receptor subunit 1 (NR1) is an essential subunit of the NMDA receptor and is developmentally expressed in postnatal neurons of the central nervous system. Here we identify on the NR1 promoter a binding site for(More)
The p3 peptide [amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) 17-40/42], derived by alpha- and gamma-secretase cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), is a major constituent of diffuse plaques in Alzheimer's disease and cerebellar pre-amyloid in Down's syndrome. However, the importance of p3 peptide accumulation in Alzheimer's disease and its toxic properties is(More)
Intrahippocamal injections of kainic acid (KA) significantly increase the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) in the ipsilateral hippocampus at 2-4 h and 21-45 days post-administration, suggesting the possible involvement of these chemokines in both neurodegenerative and regenerative(More)
The accumulation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) is believed to be an early and critical event leading to synapse and neuronal cell loss in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Abeta itself is toxic to neurons in vitro and the load of Abeta in vivo causes the loss of synapses and neurons in brain in animal models. Therefore, there has been considerable interest in(More)
Our previous studies revealed that a proximal region of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1) promoter is important for cell-type-specific expression. We have now explored the contributions of several regulatory elements to this specificity. Deletion of the neuron-restrictive silencer element partially relieved the suppression of promoter activity in(More)
In the present study we demonstrate low level expression of the laminin alpha 2 chain in brain and localize the alpha 2 protein to the capillary basement membrane. While in peripheral basement membranes the laminin alpha 1 and alpha 2 chains have an almost mutually exclusive distribution, the present results suggest both alpha 1 and alpha 2 in the cerebral(More)
Derivatives carrying a substituent in the para position of the phenyl group of 8-hydroxy-5-[2-[(1-phenyl-2-methylprop-2-yl)amino]-1-hydroxyethyl] carbostyril (10) were prepared and their effects on beta-adrenoceptors evaluated in vitro. Unsubstituted compound 10, iodo 11, amino 12, and bromoacetamido 13 derivatives (all racemic) bound to the receptor with(More)