John W. Kozarich

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Radiation and chemical reactions that give rise to free radicals cause the formation of highly cytotoxic base propenals, degradation products of DNA. Human glutathione transferases (GSTs; RX:glutathione R-transferase, EC 2.5.1.18) of classes Alpha, Mu, and Pi were shown to promote the conjugation of glutathione with base propenals and related alkenes. GST(More)
Much attention has recently been given to a class of proteases that cleave proteins and peptides after proline residues. This class includes dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV; also termed CD26), fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAP; seprase), DPP7 (DPP II; quiescent cell proline dipeptidase), DPP8, DPP9, and prolyl carboxypeptidase (PCP; angiotensinase(More)
Genome sequencing projects have provided researchers with a complete inventory of the predicted proteins produced by eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms. Assignment of functions to these proteins represents one of the principal challenges for the field of proteomics. Activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) has emerged as a powerful chemical proteomic(More)
The central role of protein kinases in signal transduction pathways has generated intense interest in targeting these enzymes for a wide range of therapeutic indications. Here we report a method for identifying and quantifying protein kinases in any biological sample or tissue from any species. The procedure relies on acyl phosphate-containing nucleotides,(More)
The gene (pcaB) for 3-carboxymuconate lactonizing enzyme (CMLE; 3-carboxymuconate cycloisomerase; EC 5.5.1.2) from Pseudomonas putida has been cloned into pMG27NS, a temperature-sensitive expression vector, and expressed in Escherichia coli N4830. The specific activity and kinetic parameters of the recombinant CMLE were comparable to those previously(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is essential for the survival of both peripheral ganglion cells and central cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain. The accelerated loss of central cholinergic neurons during Alzheimer's disease may be a determinant of dementia in these patients and may therefore suggest a therapeutic role for NGF. However, NGF does not(More)
Protein kinases are intensely studied mediators of cellular signaling, yet important questions remain regarding their regulation and in vivo properties. Here, we use a probe-based chemoprotemics platform to profile several well studied kinase inhibitors against >200 kinases in native cell proteomes and reveal biological targets for some of these inhibitors.(More)
The mechanism of irreversible inactivation of mandelate racemase (MR) from Pseudomonas putida by alpha-phenylglycidate (alpha PGA) has been investigated stereochemically and crystallographically. The (R) and (S) enantiomers of alpha PGA were synthesized in high enantiomeric excess (81% ee and 83% ee, respectively) using Sharpless epoxidation chemistry.(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a leading cause of infectious disease in the world today and therapies developed over the last forty years are becoming increasingly ineffective against resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In an effort to explore new mechanisms for drug development, we have investigated the enzymes of the diaminopimelate biosynthetic(More)
In the high-resolution X-ray structure of mandelate racemase (MR) with the competitive inhibitor (S)-atrolactate bound in the active site [Landro, J. A., Gerlt, J. A., Kozarich, J. W., Koo, C. W., Shah, V. J., Kenyon, G. L., Neidhart, D. J., Fujita, J., & Petsko, G. A. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 635-643], the carboxylic acid group of Glu 317 is hydrogen-bonded(More)