John W. Koontz

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Insulin induces the enzyme tyrosine aminotransferase (TAT) in Reuber H-35 rat hepatoma cells. A clone of these cells (KRC-7) was used to study the relationship between changes in enzyme activity and hybridizable mRNA, and rates of transcription for TAT in response to insulin. Our results indicate that enzyme activity is inducible by insulin in the presence(More)
The cyclic nucleotide forms of 6-mercaptopurine and 6-methylmercaptopurine have been found to be cytotoxic to rat hepatoma cells. Studies with an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase suggest that the cytotoxicity of both cyclic nucleotides results principally from conversion to the 5'-nucleotide. A comparison of the two thiopurine cyclic nucleotides with their(More)
BACKGROUND Attenuation of hyperinsulinemia in obese Zucker rats by diazoxide (DZ) enhanced insulin sensitivity and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in isolated adipocytes. To determine if these metabolic effects are due to changes in glucose transporter (Glut)-4 gene products and intracellular signaling, we studied the effects DZ on adipose tissue Glut-4(More)
Both 3':5' cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and 3':5' cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) stimulated colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1)-dependent colony formation by murine two-signal-dependent progenitors without influencing colony formation by committed CSF-1-responsive progenitors. The stimulatory effect was optimal at 10(-9) M and did not(More)
We have established a system in which we observe a synergistic interaction between insulin and glucocorticoids. This includes chimeric genes constructed to contain synthetic glucocorticoid-responsive elements, 5' of the HSV thymidine kinase promoter and the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene. The magnitude of induction of gene expression by(More)
Multi-ingredient foods having low- or intermediate-moisture characteristics may pose a special challenge to process design and validation. Ingredients of these foods can create local microenvironments that may have a distinct impact on pathogen survival and processing requirements. In this study, two model systems, each consisting of 80% commercial peanut(More)
Insulin is able to stimulate a growth response in a variety of different cell types. However, the role of the insulin receptor in mediating this response is not clear. Indeed, it has been reported that the ability of insulin to stimulate a growth response is a result of its interaction with other growth factor receptors rather than the insulin receptor. We(More)
A line or rat hepatoma cells in culture which, in response to serum starvation, become arrested in the early G1 phase of growth, can be stimulated by insulin alone to enter the cell cycle and traverse S phase. A half-maximum response is observed at 30 to 70 picomolar concentrations and the maximum response is essentially identical to that found with optimum(More)