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GABAergic inhibition synchronizes oscillatory activity in the thalamocortical system. To understand better the role of this neurotransmitter in generation of thalamocortical rhythmicity, the postnatal development of GABAergic function mediated through activation of GABAA receptors was studied in thalamus and cortex. GABA-evoked chloride currents were(More)
Alterations in GABAergic function associated with the development of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) were examined with the use of patch-clamp recording techniques in dentate granule (DG) and CA1 neurons acutely isolated from control and spontaneously epileptic rats in which TLE was elicited by pilocarpine injection 3-17 wk before use. The maximal efficacy of(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of topiramate (TPM) on excitatory amino acid-evoked currents. METHODS Kainate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were applied to cultured rat hippocampal neurons by using a concentration-clamp apparatus to selectively activate the AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid)/kainate(More)
1. Nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) is a nucleus composed entirely of GABAergic neurons, which functions as a pacemaker to synchronize thalamocortical oscillations. To study the functional properties of GABAergic inhibition mediated through activation of gamma-aminobuturic acid-A (GABAA) receptors in these cells, neurons were isolated acutely from NRT at(More)
Using patch clamp recording techniques in dentate granule cells (DGCs) isolated from patients undergoing temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy, we investigated basic properties of GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) and pharmacological sensitivity of GABA-evoked currents to modulation by zinc and benzodiazepines (BZ). Properties of human DGC GABA(A)Rs were(More)
Cultured rat hippocampal neurons previously exposed to a media containing no added Mg2+ for 3 h begin to spontaneously trigger recurrent epileptiform discharges following return to normal medium, and this altered population epileptiform activity persisted for the life of the neurons in culture (> 2 wk). Neurons in "epileptic" cultures appeared similar in(More)
Spontaneous generalized epileptiform discharges were elicited in rodent thalamocortical slices by perfusion with a medium containing no added Mg2+. In multiple-channel extracellular field potential recordings in thalamus and cortex, several distinct types of discharges were recorded, with two principal variants bearing marked similarity to spike-wave and(More)
The thalamocortical (TC) system is a tightly coupled synaptic circuit in which GABAergic inhibition originating from the nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) serves to synchronize oscillatory TC rhythmic behavior. Zinc is colocalized within nerve terminals throughout the TC system with dense staining for zinc observed in NRT, neocortex, and thalamus. Whole(More)
1. Surgically resected tissue from the tip of the human temporal lobe of seven patients undergoing temporal lobectomy was employed to study functional properties of GABAergic inhibition mediated through activation of GABAA receptors, using patch-clamp recording techniques in acutely isolated neurons and in slices of human temporal cortex. 2. Human temporal(More)
Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a progressive, rare childhood disease characterized by severe epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, and inflammation of the brain. While one mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of RE has been hypothesized to be mediated by production of excitotoxic GluR3 autoantibodies to the AMPA receptor, other neuropathological etiologies(More)