John W. Gardner

Learn More
A retrospective analysis using patient and family questionnaires and chart review was done on 269 patients with head and neck neoplasms. Sixty-nine with tumors at sites known to be unrelated to tobacco and alcohol use served as controls. Two hundred patients with epidermoid carcinoma of the oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx constituted the study group.(More)
A matched population-based case-control study was conducted on exertional heat illness (EHI) in male Marine Corps recruits in basic training at Parris Island, SC. Physical fitness and anthropometric measurements were obtained for 391 of 528 cases of EHI identified in this population during 1988-1992, and 1467 of 1725 controls matched to cases by initial(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluate whether a recent history of cigarette smoking is a risk factor for exercise-related injuries sustained during Army basic training, controlling for factors such as demographic, physical fitness, and health variables. METHODS We conducted an observational cohort study in 1087 male and 915 female Army recruits undergoing 8-week basic(More)
BACKGROUND A Recruit Mortality Registry, linked to the Department of Defense Medical Mortality Registry, was created to provide comprehensive medical surveillance data for deaths occurring during enlisted basic military training. METHODS Recruit deaths from 1977 through 2001 were identified and confirmed through redundant sources. Complete demographic,(More)
BACKGROUND Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurring problem in military training resulting in loss of manpower and training effectiveness. A scientific approach to this problem requires quantitative analysis of factors related to its occurrence. METHODS Review of clinic and hospital records identified all cases of EHI occurring among 217,000 Marine(More)
INTRODUCTION Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurrent problem for both male and female recruits during basic military training. A matched case control study investigated the effects of fitness and conditioning on EHI risk among Marine Corps recruits during 12 wk of basic training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, SC. METHODS Physical(More)
A case-control study was conducted to assess the role of diet in the etiology of colon cancer. Diet was measured by means of a comprehensive quantifiable food frequency history instrument in 246 cases and 484 controls drawn from the general population of Utah. Each subject's diet was described by major nutrient groups and total energy based on the(More)
In a comparison of Mormons and non-Mormons in Utah, more Mormon men and women married spouses of the same faith, were religiously active, were of Northern Europe ancestry, lived in rural areas, had fewer exposures to occupational hazards, were less likely to smoke cigarettes or drink coffee, tea, and alcohol, used fats in cooking, and were more often(More)